Ref: Surname Registration at BirthPDF, 920KB, 6 pages
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In reference to Article 38 of the Organic Law on Identity and Civil Data Management 2016 - surnames for children born to foreign citizens: when registering the birth of a child born to foreign parents, regardless of immigration status, surnames will be assigned in the order and authorised gender in the foreign mother or father’s country of origin legislation, without changing the paternal or maternal ‘filiation‘.
In the same way they can freely chose forenames. The British Embassy Quito has agreed with the local Civil Registry Office that for children born to British parents in Ecuador, they can choose whether they want to give the child one or two surnames, by submitting a copy of the legislation in England and Wales (Birth and Death Regulations).