Public Health England (PHE) was commissioned by the Department for Health and Social Care (DHSC) to review the evidence for practical interventions to reduce harm from outdoor air pollution, stratified by their health and economic impact.
The focus of the review was on those actions available to local authorities and, where appropriate, the national actions needed to support them.
PHE commissioned 5 rapid evidence assessments that focused on vehicles and fuels, spatial planning, industry, agriculture, and people’s behaviour and sought evaluations that made direct links between actions and consequent health and health economic outcomes.
The report provides local practitioners and policy-makers with an indication of the broad range of interventions that can be used to address different problems, and which of those interventions may be worth considering further due to their potential health benefits. The report outlines principles for strategies and the future design and evaluation of interventions.