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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/further-businesses-and-premises-to-close/further-businesses-and-premises-to-close-guidance
This guidance applies to England, except for Leicester. See separate guidance for Leicester.
On 23 March 2020, the government introduced restrictions on which businesses and venues were required to close in order to reduce the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19). A number of businesses providing essential goods and services were and continue to be permitted to remain open.
Though there has been tragic loss of life, thanks to the hard work and sacrifice of the British people, the UK slowed the spread of Coronavirus. Following earlier easements in May and June, from Saturday 4 July, further businesses and venues will be allowed to open.
Thanks to the hard work and sacrifice of the British people, and despite a tragic loss of life, the UK slowed the spread of coronavirus. Following earlier easements in May and June, from the 4 July, further businesses and venues will be allowed to open.
1. Re-opening of businesses and venues from 4 July
On 23 June 2020, the Prime Minister announced further easements of the coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions as part of step 3 of the government’s plan to return life to as near normal as we can.
As part of step 3, all businesses and venues can reopen from 4 July, except for the list below, which will remain closed in law or will be required to close in law:
- Nightclubs, dance halls, discotheques
- Sexual entertainment venues and hostess bars
- Bowling alleys
- Indoor skating rinks
- Indoor play areas including soft-play areas
- Nail bars and salons and beauty salons
- Tanning booths and salons
- Massage parlours
- Tattoo parlours
- Body and skin piercing services
- Indoor fitness and dance studios
- Indoor gyms and sports courts and facilities
- Indoor and outdoor swimming pools, including water parks
- Exhibition halls or conference centres must remain closed for events such as exhibitions or conferences, other than for those who work for the business or organisation who run the venue.
All shops, including cafes, restaurants and gift shops, which are part of the premises of a business or venue which is itself allowed to reopen from 4 July, or was already permitted to be open, can also be open. However, the shop, restaurant or café cannot carry on any business or provide any service listed above.
- For example, a café on the premises of a museum, can re-open from 4 July.
- However, a soft play area within a restaurant which is on the premises of a museum, cannot re-open from 4 July.
Shops including cafes, restaurants and gift shops which are part of the premises of a business or venue in the list above which must remain closed from 4 July, can only open if the shop, restaurant or café is in a self-contained unit which is accessible from outside.
- For example, a café on the premises of an indoor fitness centre but which can be entered from the outside, can re-open.
- However, a restaurant on the premises of a casino, which is not in a self-contained unit and cannot be accessed from the outside, cannot re-open from 4 July.
We continue to phase reopening and we hope to reopen other close-contact businesses as soon as possible.
As above, all businesses and venues other than those specifically listed above can reopen from 4 July. Examples are shown below of those businesses that will be open, including links to guidance to ensure their safe-reopening.
|Business or venue||Guidance for re-opening safely|
|Food and drink|
|All indoor and outdoor hospitality including, cafes, bars, pubs, and restaurants, can open unless:
They are a part of the premises of a business or venue which must be or remain closed from 4 July, and are not in self-contained units that can be accessed from the outside. Please see the list above for businesses and venues that must remain be or remain closed.
|People should only visit a restaurant in their household groups (or support bubbles where an adult who lives alone or with dependent children, can spend time with one other household indoors), or with one other household, or with up to 5 other people outdoors.
Venues should not allow standing drinking and eating. Tables and remote or server ordering are strongly advised.
At this time, venues should not permit live performances, including drama, comedy and music, to take place in front of a live audience.
All food and drink establishments are strongly advised to follow guidance on how to open and operate safely.
Guidance on weddings should also be followed.
|Hotels, hostels, bed and breakfast accommodation, holiday apartments or homes, cottages or bungalows, campsites, caravan parks or boarding houses||Shared sleeping spaces (eg. dormitory rooms) should not open to any groups, except those travelling in accordance with the current government guidance on social mixing outside of household groups/outside of the home.
Other shared facilities (including shared showers and kitchens, but not toilets) should not open, except on campsites (and only in accordance with government guidelines for cleaning and usage)
All accommodation providers are strongly advised to follow guidance on opening accommodation safely.
Guidance can also be found on safely operating services in the visitor economy.
|Places of worship||All places of worship are strongly advised to follow guidance on their safe use.
Guidance on weddings should also be followed.
|The government strongly advises against community centres opening for indoor fitness and sport activity.
Those managing community centres, village halls and other community facilities are strongly advised to follow guidance on re-opening safely.
|Hair salons and barbers, including mobile hair businesses||These businesses must not provide services which remain prohibited in regulations including nail, beauty and tanning services.
All close contact service providers are strongly advised to follow guidance on how to work safely.
|Recreation and leisure|
|Cinemas, theatres and concert halls
Funfairs, theme parks, adventure parks and activities
Outdoor gyms and playgrounds
Museums and galleries
Outdoor skating rinks
Amusement arcades and other entertainment centres
Indoor attractions at aquariums, zoos, safari parks, farms, wildlife centres and any place where animals are exhibited to the public as an attraction
Indoor and outdoor areas of visitor attractions including, gardens, heritage sites, film studios and landmarks
|All recreation and leisure businesses and facilities are strongly advised to follow guidance on operating within the visitor economy.
• Certain activities that take place in these venues, including indoor sports and fitness must not take place.
• At this time, venues should not permit live performances, including drama, comedy and music, to take place in front of a live audience. This is important to mitigate the risks of aerosol transmission - from either the performer(s) or their audience. There will be further guidance setting out how performing arts activity can be managed safely in other settings, for instance rehearsing or broadcast without an audience.
• Close contact activity such as visiting an entertainment centre should only be conducted within a household group/bubble or with one other household/bubble.
2. Track and trace
The opening up of the economy following the COVID-19 outbreak is being supported by NHS Test and Trace. You should assist this service by keeping a temporary record of your customers and visitors for 21 days, in a way that is manageable for your business, and assist NHS Test and Trace with requests for that data if needed. This could help contain clusters or outbreaks. Many businesses that take bookings already have systems for recording their customers and visitors – including restaurants, hotels, and hair salons. If you do not already do this, you should do so to help fight the virus. We will work with industry and relevant bodies to design this system in line with data protection legislation, and set out details shortly.
People should continue to socially distance from those they do not live with wherever possible. Social interactions should be limited to a group of no more than two households (indoors and out) or up to six people from different households (if outdoors). It is against the law for gatherings of more than 30 people to take place in private homes (including gardens and other outdoor spaces).
Businesses and venues following COVID-19 Secure guidelines can host larger groups. This is also the case for events in public outdoor spaces that are organised by businesses, charitable or political organisations, and public bodies, provided they take reasonable steps to mitigate the risk of transmission, in line with COVID-19 Secure guidance and including completion of a risk assessment. Any other gathering in an outdoor space must not be any larger than 30 people.
In particular, those operating venues or running events following COVID-19 Secure guidelines should take additional steps to ensure the safety of the public and prevent large gatherings or mass events from taking place. At this time, venues should not permit live performances, including drama, comedy and music, to take place in front of a live audience; and should not permit indoor grassroots sport to take place. Individual businesses or venues should also consider the cumulative impact of many venues re-opening in a small area. This means working with local authorities, neighbouring businesses and travel operators to assess this risk and applying additional mitigations. These could include:
- further lowering capacity - even if it is possible to safely seat a number of people inside a venue, it may not be safe for them all to travel or enter that venue
- staggering entry times with other venues and taking steps to avoid queues building up in surrounding areas
- arranging one-way travel routes between transport hubs and venues
- advising patrons to avoid particular forms of transport or routes and to avoid crowded areas when in transit to the venue
Local authorities should avoid issuing licenses for events that could lead to larger gatherings forming and provide advice to businesses on how to manage events of this type. If appropriate, the Government has powers under schedule 22 of the Coronavirus Act 2020 to close venues hosting large gatherings or prohibit certain events (or types of event) from taking place, and a power under Regulation 6 of the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (No. 2) (England) Regulations 2020 to restrict access to a public place.
As of 26 March 2020 these restrictions became enforceable by law in England. These Regulations are reviewed regularly to ensure they are effective and proportionate to the risk to public health. The England Regulations can be found here. Everyone is required to comply with these Regulations issued by the government in relation to coronavirus, in order to protect both themselves and others.
An owner, proprietor or manager carrying out a business (or a person responsible for other premises) who contravenes the Regulations, without reasonable excuse, commits an offence.
In England, Environmental Health and Trading Standards officers will monitor compliance with these regulations, with police support provided if appropriate. Businesses and venues that breach them will be subject to prohibition notices, and a person who is 18 or over, carrying on a business in contravention of the Regulations may be issued with a fixed penalty.
With the support of the police, prohibition notices can be used to require compliance with the Regulations including requiring that an activity ceases. It is also an offence, without reasonable excuse, to fail to comply with a prohibition notice.
If prohibition notices are not complied with, or fixed penalty notice not paid, you may also be taken to court, with magistrates able to impose potentially unlimited fines.
5. Closing public spaces
The Regulations give a power for the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care to direct the closure of, or to restrict access to, a specific public outdoor place where this is necessary and proportionate to manage a serious and imminent threat to public health relating to coronavirus in England. Exercise of this power is subject to a right of appeal by the owner or occupier to the Magistrates Court. Where this power is used by the Secretary of State, people will not be allowed to enter or remain in the place without reasonable excuse. Local authorities must advertise the extent of the restriction and they and owners/operators of the place subject to the restriction must take reasonable steps to prevent people visiting it. Failure to comply can be a criminal offence.
6. Business support
In England, under the Retail, Hospitality and Leisure Grant measures announced on Monday March 16, businesses and venues in England in the retail, hospitality and leisure sectors will be eligible for cash grants of up to £25,000 per property.
Eligible businesses and venues in these sectors with a property that has a rateable value of up to £15,000 will receive a grant of £10,000. Eligible businesses and venues in these sectors with a property that has a rateable value of between £15,001 and £51,000 will receive a grant of £25,000. Businesses and venues with a rateable value of over £51,000 are not included in this scheme.
For more information please visit the government’s business support page.
7. Business rates
In England, as announced on Monday 16 March, the government will provide a business rates holiday for businesses and venues in the retail, hospitality and/or leisure sector. This includes the businesses and venues in scope for closure listed above. The relief will apply to business rates bills for the 2020 to 2021 tax year.
8. Further information
This guidance will be updated regularly as the situation develops and to reflect frequently asked questions. For information about support for business, please go to the government’s business support page or visit GOV.UK.