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Research and analysis
Citizenship education in England 2001 to 2010
Research outlining the 8th and final report from the citizenship education longitudinal study (CELS).
Citizenship was introduced into the national curriculum in England in September 2002, providing all pupils aged 11 to 16 in maintained schools with a statutory entitlement to citizenship education.
The citizenship education longitudinal study (CELS) tracks how citizenship and citizenship education is received, perceived, and practised in schools and by young people.
These findings are based on a survey of young people who were followed from ages 11 to 18.