Research and analysis

Citizenship education in England 2001 to 2010

Research outlining the 8th and final report from the citizenship education longitudinal study (CELS).


Citizenship education in England 2001-2010: young people's practices and prospects for the future: - the eighth and final report from the Citizenship Education Longitudinal Study

This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format.

If you use assistive technology (eg a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.


Citizenship was introduced into the national curriculum in England in September 2002, providing all pupils aged 11 to 16 in maintained schools with a statutory entitlement to citizenship education.

The citizenship education longitudinal study (CELS) tracks how citizenship and citizenship education is received, perceived, and practised in schools and by young people.

These findings are based on a survey of young people who were followed from ages 11 to 18.