The Department for Transport commissions research on renewable fuels, particularly biofuels, to ensure that there is a robust evidence base for government policy. This research covers the full life of biofuels from their production, both in the UK and overseas, to their use in vehicles. Details on recent research projects are given below.
‘Towards advanced biofuels, options for integrating conventional and advanced biofuel production sites’. This scoping study:
- shows the scale of the opportunity for adapting existing conventional biofuel production sites to advanced biofuel sites
- analysed the potential role of government policy in incentivising conversions
- made recommendations for future areas of research
- Advanced biofuel feedstocks: an assessment of sustainability
Provides analytical framework to assist assessment of advanced biofuel feedstocks to define which feedstocks justify multiple counting.
Feedstock is a raw material used to make biofuels. Feedstocks can include “crops” such as sugar cane, waste or residues such as municipal solid waste and used cooking oil.
- Biofuel effects on diesel performance, emissions and economy in conventional and advanced technologies
This report considers the effects of biodiesel from a number of different feedstocks and blend strengths on the performance of a typical diesel engine and how optimising engine calibration to run on these fuels might change these effects.
This suite of research projects investigates the potential supply of sustainable biofuels through to 2050 and the cost and barriers of a range of options for using these biofuels in the transport sector.
- Scenarios for the cost effective deployment of biofuel in the UK road transport sector in 2020
This report presents the key findings of the research. It is strongly recommended that readers begin with this report.
- Assessment of the existing UK infrastructure capacity and vehicle fleet capability for the use of biofuels
This report provides a comprehensive review of the level of biofuel use that is compatible with vehicles and infrastructure, in 2010, across road, rail, aviation and shipping. This work provided input data to the scenarios developed for the main report.
- Development of illustrative scenarios describing the quantity of different types of bioenergy potentially available to the UK transport sector in 2020, 2030 and 2050
This research provides scenarios for the potential supply of sustainable biofuels. The report was designed as input for the main report and is not recommended for use in other contexts.
Note on revisions:
The department intends to update these reports to reflect the latest projections for fossil fuel and biofuel prices. Updated reports, and a further analysis of biofuel use across transport modes over the period to 2050, will be published once these revisions are complete.