Research and analysis

Analysis of EU 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target options

Presents analysis of the EU’s possible share of greenhouse gas emissions reduction effort to meet a below-2°C goal

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The European Commission’s Green Paper on a 2030 framework for climate and energy policies, published on 27 March 2013, launched a consultation on a series of questions about the future of EU climate and energy policies, including the priorities for an EU-wide framework and the need for supporting targets for 2030. The UK responded to this consultation on 5 July 2013.

Edward Davey, UK Secretary of State for Energy, spoke at a Green Growth Summit in Brussels on 28 October 2013 to support the ongoing policy discussions around the EU 2030 framework. At this summit, Edward Davey launched the publication of a pamphlet ‘Going for Green Growth’ and also presented UK analysis of EU 2030 target options.

The UK analysis takes as a starting point the February 2011 European Council, where the Council reiterated its commitment to limit global warming to below 2°C. Academics have identified a range of different approaches to allocating the mitigation effort between countries to meet a below 2°C goal. The UK analysis models different global effort sharing approaches and explains what level of reductions this suggests the EU must make in 2030noting that these do not necessarily represent the UK or EU’s preferred approach.

This document is intended to provide a contribution to the policy debate on the EU 2030 framework for climate and energy policies. We look forward to other contributions from other stakeholders.