HM Advocate General for Scotland and Deputy Leader of the House of Lords

The Rt Hon Lord Wallace of Tankerness QC


Lord Wallace was appointed Advocate General for Scotland in May 2010. He was made Deputy Leader of the House of Lords in October 2013. He is a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords and is the Scotland Office and the Attorney General’s office official spokesperson in the House of Lords.


He studied law at Cambridge and Edinburgh Universities.

Political career

Lord Wallace was appointed a Privy Councillor in 2000 and in 2007 he was appointed to the House of Lords. He has been a member of the House of Lords’ Select Committee on the Constitution and the Calman Commission on Scottish Devolution. Lord Wallace’s political career includes:

  • MP for Orkney & Shetland 1983 to 2001
  • MSP for Orkney 1999 to 2007
  • Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats 1992 to 2005
  • Deputy First Minister of Scotland 1999 to 2005
  • Minister for Justice 1999 to 2003
  • Minister for Enterprise and Lifelong Learning 2003 to 2005

Career outside politics

Lord Wallace was called to the bar in 1979, practising mainly in civil law cases. He took silk in 1997.

HM Advocate General for Scotland

The Advocate General for Scotland is one of the Law Officers of the Crown, who advise the government on Scots law.

Schedule 6 to the Scotland Act requires that the Advocate General be provided with notice of all ‘devolution issues’ raised before courts or tribunals in Scotland. Devolution issues include challenges to the legislative competence of an Act of the Scottish Parliament and to whether a member of the Scottish government has complied with the EU Convention on Human Rights or EU Community law

The Advocate General can choose intervene, on behalf of the UK government, in proceedings in which devolution issues have been raised if he so decides.

The Office of the Advocate General considers all Scottish Parliament Bills as they progress, in consultation with interested UK government departments, to assess their legislative competency. Under section 33 of the Scotland Act, the Advocate General has the power to refer Scottish Parliament Bills to the Supreme Court for decisions on their legislative competence.

Deputy Leader of the House of Lords

The Deputy Leader of the House of Lords supports the House of Lords in its job of questioning government ministers, improving legislation and debating topics of national significance.


  1. Scottish constitution

    • 17 January 2014
  2. Scottish devolution

    • 16 October 2013


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