News story

Tax is changing in Wales

The Welsh Government and the National Assembly for Wales became responsible for some of the taxes paid in Wales in April 2018.

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Three taxes in Wales are affected:

  • Income Tax
  • Stamp Duty Land Tax
  • Landfill tax

A Welsh language version of this story is also available.

Income Tax

From 6 April 2019, if you live in Wales, some of your Income Tax will be paid to the Welsh Government. This is a change from the current system, where all Income Tax from Wales is paid to the UK Government to fund spending across the UK. The rates of Income Tax will be set by the Welsh Government.

Income Tax will continue to be collected by HMRC, but the Welsh Government will be able to vary the rate paid by Welsh resident taxpayers. This means that people living in Wales could pay a different rate of Income Tax compared to people in other parts of the UK.

In practice, this will work by reducing the basic, higher and additional rates of income tax by 10 pence. The Welsh rates set by the Welsh Government will then be added to this.

Details of the proposed rates will be announced in the Welsh Government Budget later this year. Revenue from the Welsh rates of Income Tax will go to the Welsh Government.

For more information about Income Tax in Wales see the Welsh Government website.

There is more general information on Income Tax on GOV.UK.

Land Transaction Tax

On 1 April 2018, Land Transaction Tax (LTT) replaced Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT).

LTT is collected by the Welsh Revenue Authority (WRA). The Welsh Government published rates and bands for LTT in October 2017.

HMRC will not accept SDLT returns for land transactions in Wales with an effective date of transaction on or after 1 April 2018.

If you have purchased land or property in Wales since 1 April 2018, ask your conveyancer or solicitor about the arrangements for LTT.

Cross-border transactions

If you are buying land and/or property that fall in more than one tax jurisdiction on or after 1 April 2018, read this guidance to ensure you pay the right tax.

Transitional guidance

You can read the transitional guidance on the WRA website.

Tax calculator

If you need help with assessing the amount of tax you need to pay, you can find a dedicated tax calculator on the WRA website.

Conveyancers and solicitors

If you are a conveyancer or a solicitor representing people buying and leasing property and land in Wales, you need to register on the WRA website before filing a tax return for transactions with an effective date of 1 April 2018 or after.

The WRA is encouraging businesses to sign up at least 10 days before their first transaction that includes LTT.

Landfill Disposals Tax

From 1 April 2018, Landfill Disposals Tax (LDT) replaced landfill tax in Wales. This will be administered by the WRA and payable by landfill operators in Wales.

If you are a landfill site operator in Wales, you can register now for the LDT.

Further information

For more information on Welsh taxes visit the WRA website.

Read UK and Welsh Governments confirm next steps in Welsh tax devolution.

Published 8 December 2017
Last updated 17 May 2018 + show all updates
  1. Updated with a new section on Income Tax.
  2. Added section about guidance on cross-border transactions
  3. Added Welsh language translation
  4. Page updated with new information, including where to find transitional guidance and the Land Transaction Tax (LTT) calculator, how to register for the LTT if you are a solicitor or conveyancer, and where to register for the Landfill Disposals Tax if you are a landfill site operator.
  5. First published.