Seizures of class A drugs by the UK Border Agency are up as its officers respond to changing trafficking routes and techniques.
Covering statement from the Home Office chief statistician
The department’s press office issued the below press release, under embargo on the morning of 4 November 2011, for publication on 7 November, to more than 100 broadcast and print journalists. Unfortunately, due to an administrative oversight which has now been resolved no departmental press notices of any kind were published on the website at this time, although they were being issued in the usual way to subscribers to the Home Office press notice distribution list.
This press release was issued, using up-to-date management information, as part of an ongoing communications strategy to inform the public about how the UK Border Agency is contributing to the government’s drug strategy and tackling organised crime groups. It built on a number of regional media stories already widely reported in the press over the summer of 2011.
On 10 November, statisticians in the Home Office published their annual National Statistics bulletin on seizures of drugs in England and Wales for 2010/1 which can be found at http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications/science-research-statistics/research-statistics/police-research/hosb1711/
To better comply with the code of practice for official statistics, I think the two press releases could have been released together to allow more cross referencing and an ability to set both sets of information released in the appropriate context.
Soon after publication of the national statistics, the UK statistics authority expressed their concern that the earlier UK Border Agency press release had not been compiled in accordance with the code of practice for official statistics. At the time, I supported the decision not to publish once the web issues were resolved. More recently, in January 2012, they expressed their concern that the relevant press release is not publicly available despite the fact that some of the figures contained in it continue to be quoted.
Following the latest comments by the UK statistics authority I have now decided that the 7 November press release should be available on the Home Office website.
There are several differences of process and scope between the National Statistics bulletin and the UK Border Agency management information. The UK Border Agency data were compiled and released from operational data collected during the first six months of the financial year (April to September) 2011/12. The National Statistics bulletin includes police as well as UK Border Agency drug seizures; it covers predefined annual periods and is compiled and released to an announced schedule allowing for the collection and quality assurance of data from diverse sources including individual police forces. The UK Border Agency release covered the UK including territorial waters whereas the National Statistics cover England and Wales excluding territorial waters.
Home Office officials and statisticians are working more closely together to ensure they are compliant with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Chief Statistician &
Head of Profession for Statistics
18 January 2012
Rise in drug seizures shows agency tackling changing trafficking routes
In a success for the agency’s intelligence-led operations, more cocaine and heroin was stopped at the border in the last six months than during the whole of last year.
Cocaine seizures for the half year stand at 2,116kgs while the amount of heroin intercepted has nearly doubled to 773kgs.
The story behind the statistics shows work by investigators and detection officers, alongside SOCA and the police, has paid dividends despite changes to the drugs market.
Home Office minister Damian Green said:
‘Stopping harmful drugs like heroin and cocaine means we’re helping keep communities safe and preventing criminals exploiting the UK.
‘These seizures show our investigators are keeping pace with the ever changing methods of criminal gangs to keep the border secure.’
In 2010 heroin seizures fell reflecting the ‘poppy drought’ in Afghanistan and the impact of international law enforcement activity, including SOCA, in major distribution hubs like Turkey.
Since then trafficking of the drug from Pakistan has increased with criminal gangs targeting shipments of the drug at the UK and Europe using new methods, including shipping containers and the postal system.
But thanks to excellent intelligence and the experience of staff in ports across the country, the UK Border Agency has secured notable hits against trafficking gangs, including:
- the jailing of two men in July for a total of 20 years for smuggling £4.2 million of heroin into Hull through the post using a complicated ‘return to sender’ scam that disguised the drugs as baby powder;
- two further men being hit with a total of 40 years in prison for trafficking 80kg of heroin into the UK via Flexistowe hidden in a container of 600 sacks of red chilli powder.
The agency’s work tackling the threat from cocaine traffickers has also seen real results working alongside SOCA and others in the UK and overseas. Recent achievements include:
- the largest ever haul of the drug found hidden on a £1 million luxury yacht in Southampton in June. The 1.2 tonne seizure of 90 per cent pure cocaine was worth up to £300 million. The Agency worked closely with Dutch law enforcement to bring the criminals to justice and in August six men were arrested in early morning raids which saw €100,000, two Harley Davidson motorcycles, two guns, a silencer and a quantity of ecstasy recovered;
- last month more than 15kg of cocaine worth £2.5 million was found hidden inside an industrial shredding machine shipped from Mexico to the UK. Four men have been arrested and charged;
- work against well-established routes continues with a Nigerian man jailed for seven years on 21 October after he swallowed 73 packets of high purity cocaine worth £140,000.
Rob Whiteman chief executive of the UK Border Agency said:
‘Our work to secure the border all day every day continues to show significant results despite the efforts of organised crime gangs to circumvent our controls.
‘Thanks to our dedicated teams of staff detecting drugs, investigating criminals and helping bring them to justice we play a vital role in keeping the country safe.’
Notes to editors
1. Seizures of cocaine and heroin in the six months from April 2011, compared with previous years) are shown below (latest statistics are based on management information and are subject to change):
Cocaine (kg) Heroin (kg)
2011/12 (Apr - Sept) 2,116 773
2010/11 1,951 473
2009/10 2,017 859
2. To see pictures of drugs seizures by the UK Border Agency visit the Home Office Flickr account at our Media Centre http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/media-centre/
3. Prior to mid 2010, the majority of heroin brought into the UK travelled to the UK overland through Europe under the control of crime groups located in Turkey. Until early 2010 testing showed that approximately 75 per cent of UK seized heroin was likely to have been trafficked via Turkey.
But there has been a significant drop in heroin coming via this route - seeing UK based criminals struggling to import the drug and resulting in a lower purity product.
Before mid 2010 there has been a significant increase in the amount of heroin being trafficked to the UK directly from Pakistan by parcel, air freight and container.
Between late 2010 and early 2011, the UK wholesale price for a kilo of heroin rose from between £18,000 and £23,000 to between £19,000 and £25,000, with some examples of high quality heroin being sold in excess of £40,000. At the
same time street average street purity has continued to fall. Analysis showed purity of seized heroin fell from 46 per cent in December 2009 to 24 per cent in December 2010. These are some of the lowest purity levels since 1984.
4. The UK Border Agency is responsible for securing the UK border and controlling migration in the UK. The agency manages border control for the UK, enforcing immigration and customs regulations. The agency prevents drugs, weapons, terrorists, criminals and would-be illegal immigrants reaching the United Kingdom. It decides on the eligibility of foreign nationals to stay in the UK and enforces immigration law. At the same time, the agency facilitates legitimate travel and trade, helping protect UK revenue. Overseas, at the border and inland, the agency uses intelligence, technology, a skilled workforce, and a range of UK and international partners to deliver its objectives.
5. UK Border Agency officers use hi-tech search equipment to combat immigration crime and detect banned and restricted goods that smugglers attempt to bring into the country. They use an array of search techniques including sniffer dogs, carbon dioxide detectors, heartbeat monitors and scanners - as well as visual searches - to find well-hidden stowaways, illegal drugs, firearms and cigarettes which would otherwise end up causing harm to people, businesses and communities.
6. By the end of 2013 the National Crime Agency will make the UK a more hostile environment for serious and organised crime and strengthen our border. Organised crime costs the UK public between £20 billion and £40 billion each year and affects the everyday lives of individuals. The NCA will be responsible for tackling these crimes, which include child abuse, drug and people smuggling, illegal immigration, fraud, cyber crime and many other serious and organised crimes. It will better share that intelligence, and through the Border Policing Command, ensure all law enforcement bodies at the border are focused on preventing serious crime, including stopping drugs entering the UK.
7. The use of illegal drugs, particularly Class A, is a significant threat to the social and economic well being of the country, including its reputation overseas. In 2009, the cost to the UK of illegal drugs markets was approximately £15.4 billion.
8. The work of the UK Border Agency helps deliver the government’s Drug Strategy which was lunched in December 2010 and takes an uncompromising approach to cracking down on those involved in the drug supply both at home and abroad. Two key elements of its proposals for restricting supply include:
- making greater use of intelligence between agencies to increase our understanding of who is involved in drugs as a criminal business and taking action to disrupt their activity at all levels of the distribution chain. This includes working with UK based internet providers to ensure they comply with the letter and spirit of the UK law.
- working with our partners overseas to tackle the international drugs trade and joining up with our international partners to disrupt traffickers at source or in transit countries.
9. For more information call the Home Office press office on 020 7035 3535.
Action against crime gangs targeting postal routes to traffic heroin from Pakistan is already showing results.
- In July, two men were jailed for a total of 20 years for smuggling £4.2 million of heroin through the post.
- They used a complex scam whereby packages of baby powder were sent to Pakistan where a drug gang would replace the bottles of baby powder with ones for the Pakistan market that contained heroin, reseal the packages and label the parcels ‘undeliverable’ and ‘return to sender’.
- The innocent looking parcels were then collected by the traffickers from a number of domestic addresses across Hull - where residents were paid £100 to take delivery of packages - before being taken to Bradford.
- The plot was uncovered after UK Border Agency officers intercepted three parcels arrived at Mount Pleasant postal depot, London, in March 2011. The parcels were found to contain baby powder bottles filled with a total of 5.68kg of heroin.
- Two further packages were seized two weeks later which were found to contain 3.78kg of Heroin.
- Paul Anthony Cahalin, 28, was sentenced to 11 years at Hull Crown Court in July. Allan Edward Riley, 54, was sentenced to nine years.
The container route is also being tackled with a number of successful seizures this year. A major investigation is taking place, with some prosecutions having already taken place and more pending. Early successes include:
- Two men were sentenced to a total of 40 years for trafficking 80kg of heroin into the UK disguised as chilli powder.
- It was shipped in a single container to Felixstowe from Pakistan in November 2010 discovered by UK Border Agency officers who found the drugs hidden inside a consignment of 600 sacks of red chilli powder.
- A SOCA-led controlled delivery took place to an address in Birmingham.
- At this address the consignment was re-directed to an industrial unit in Shropshire. After arriving at the unit, the container was subsequently unloaded and the father and son arrested by SOCA officers.
- At Birmingham Court Crown in April 2011 Gulab Mohammed, 51, from Birmingham was found guilty of importation of Class A drugs after a five-day trial and jailed for 21 years.
- Khalid Mohammed, 29, of Birmingham, pleaded guilty of importation of Class A drugs and was jailed for 19 years.
Cocaine via Mexico
Work continues to tackle established routes out of South and Central America, including:
- A haul of cocaine with an estimated street value of around £2.5 seized at Heathrow Airport in late September concealed in an industrial shredding machine weighing more than 600 kg.
- The drugs had been shipped to the UK from Mexico and were found after UK Border Agency drilled into the machine.
- The find led to an investigation by the Metropolitan Police, who arrested four men in the Northampton area on Monday 3 October.
- All four were charged with conspiring to import cocaine and appeared before Westminster Magistrates on Wednesday 5 October, where they were remanded in custody.
- The drugs were so well hidden inside the machinery they have yet to be fully recovered. The estimated weight of the concealment is around 15 kg, making it one of the biggest seizures of its kind at Heathrow this year.
- The drugs, if cut and sold in the UK, would have had a street resale value of approximately £2.5 million.
Thanks to innovative work with international partners we have seen a reduction in drugs being carried by mules, but continue to be vigilant:
- In October, a Nigerian man who attempted to smuggle cocaine worth around £140,000 through London City Airport was jailed for seven years.
- Ikechukwu Lambert Eze, 37, was stopped by UK Border Agency staff on August 31 this year.
- Eze was stopped by UK Border Agency officers on his arrival from Cameroon via Zurich. Following questioning and a baggage search officers became suspicious of his reasons for travel and Eze became nervous when it was suggested he had swallowed packages.
- He was arrested and taken to Newham General Hospital, where an x-ray revealed a number of packages inside him. Eze eventually produced 73 packages of cocaine weighing one kilo, which had a purity of 91 per cent and an estimated street value of £140,000.
- He was sentenced at Isleworth Crown Court on 21 October after admitting charges of drug smuggling.