News story

Plan for Jobs: Chancellor increases financial support for businesses and workers

The government today announced it will significantly increase the generosity and reach of its winter support schemes to ensure livelihoods and jobs across the UK continue to be protected in the difficult months to come, supporting jobs and helping to contain the virus.

This was published under the 2019 to 2022 Johnson Conservative government
Financial support for jobs and businesses
  • open businesses which are experiencing considerable difficulty will be given extra help to keep staff on as government significantly increases contribution to wage costs under the Job Support Scheme, and business contributions drop to 5%
  • business grants are expanded to cover businesses in particularly affected sectors in high-alert level areas, helping them stay afloat and protecting jobs
  • grants for the self-employed doubled to 40% of previous earnings

In recognition of the challenging times ahead, the Chancellor said he would be increasing support through the existing Job Support and self-employed schemes, and expanding business grants to support companies in high-alert level areas.

This builds on agreements reached with Local Authorities moving to Alert Level very high, with extra support for businesses, jobs and the economic recovery.

Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak said:

I’ve always said that we must be ready to adapt our financial support as the situation evolves, and that is what we are doing today. These changes mean that our support will reach many more people and protect many more jobs.

I know that the introduction of further restrictions has left many people worried for themselves, their families and communities. I hope the government’s stepped-up support can be part of the country pulling together in the coming months.

Job Support Scheme (JSS)

Recognising the pressure businesses in some sectors and areas are facing, today’s announcement lightens the burden of keeping on staff.

When originally announced, the JSS – which will come into effect on 1 November – saw employers paying a third of their employees’ wages for hours not worked, and required employers to be working 33% of their normal hours.

Today’s announcement reduces the employer contribution to those unworked hours to just 5%, and reduces the minimum hours requirements to 20%, so those working just one day a week will be eligible. That means that if someone was being paid £587 for their unworked hours, the government would be contributing £543 and their employer only £44.

Employers will continue to receive the £1,000 Job Retention Bonus. The Job Support Scheme Closed for businesses legally required to close remains unchanged.

Self-employed grant

Today’s announcement increases the amount of profits covered by the forthcoming self-employed grant from 20 per cent to 40 per cent, meaning the maximum grant will increase from £1,875 to £3,750.

This is a potential further £3.1 billion of support to the self-employed through November to January alone, with a further grant to follow covering February to April.

Business Grants

The Chancellor has also announced approved additional funding to support cash grants of up to £2,100 per month primarily for businesses in the hospitality, accommodation and leisure sector who may be adversely impacted by the restrictions in high-alert level areas. These grants will be available retrospectively for areas who have already been subject to restrictions, and come on top of higher levels of additional business support for Local Authorities moving into Tier 3 which, if scaled up across the country, would be worth more than £1 billion.

These grants could benefit around 150,000 businesses in England, including hotels, restaurants, B&Bs and many more who aren’t legally required to close but have been adversely affected by local restrictions nonetheless.

Further information

Job Support Scheme - Open

  • The JSS starts to operate from 1 November and covers all Nations of the UK. For every hour not worked, the employee will be paid up to two-thirds of their usual salary.
  • The government will provide up to 61.67% of wages for hours not worked, up to £1541.75 per month (more than doubling the maximum payment of £697.92 under the previous rules). The cap is set above median earnings for employees in August at a reference salary of £3,125 per month.
  • Example: a typical full-time employee in the hospitality industry is paid an average of £1,100 per month. Under the Jobs Support Scheme for open businesses, they will still take home at least £807 a month. All the employer needs to pay is a total of £283 a month or just £70 a week; the government will pay the rest.
  • Employers using the scheme will also be able to claim the Job Retention Bonus (JRB) for each employee that meets the eligibility criteria of the JRB. This is worth £1,000 per employee. Taking JSS-Open and JRB together, an employer could receive over 95% of the total wage costs of their employees if they are retained until February.
  • For more information see the Job Support Scheme Open Factsheet (PDF, 104 KB, 5 pages).

Please see more information about the Job Support Scheme.

Self Employed

  • The government will provide two taxable SEISS grants to support those experiencing reduced demand due to COVID-19 but are continuing to trade, or temporarily cannot trade.
  • It will be available to anyone who was previously eligible for the SEISS grant one and grant two, and meets the eligibility criteria.
  • Grants will be paid in two lump sum instalments each covering 3 months. The first grant will cover a three-month period from the start of November 2020 until the end of January 2021. The government will pay a taxable grant which is calculated based on 40% of three months’ average trading profits, paid out in a single instalment and capped at £3,750.
  • The second grant will cover a three-month period from the start of February until the end of April 2021. The government will review the level of the second grant and set this in due course.
  • For more information, see the HMRC website

Business Grants

  • We are providing additional funding to allow Local Authorities (LAs) to support businesses in high-alert level areas which are not legally closed, but which are severely impacted by the restrictions on socialising. The funding LAs will receive will be based on the number of hospitality, hotel, B&B, and leisure businesses in their area.
  • LAs will receive a funding amount that will be the equivalent of:
  • For properties with a rateable value of £15,000 or under, grants of £934 per month.
  • For properties with a rateable value over £15,000 and below £51,000, grants of £1,400 per month.
  • For properties with a rateable value of exactly £51,000 and over, grants of £2,100 per month.
  • This is equivalent to 70% of the grant amounts given to legally closed businesses (worth up to £3,000/month).
  • Local Authorities will also receive a 5% top up amount to these implied grant amounts to cover other businesses that might be affected by the local restrictions, but which do not neatly fit into these categories.
  • It will be up to Local Authorities to determine which businesses are eligible for grant funding in their local areas, and what precise funding to allocate to each business – the above levels are an approximate guide.
  • Businesses in Very High alert level areas will qualify for greater support whether closed (up to £3,000/month) or open. In the latter case support is being provided through business support packages provided to Local Authorities as they move into the alert level. The government is working with local leaders to ensure the Alert Level very high packages are fair and transparent.
  • For more information see the Business Grants Factsheet (PDF, 177 KB, 1 page).

Stakeholder quotes

Mike Cherry OBE, Federation of Small Businesses National Chairman, said:

This is a welcome intervention which will help protect more jobs and small businesses, as well as self-employed traders, through the difficult winter months. Measures to combat Covid-19 make this a tough time for many small businesses, but we are determined to make it through. These measures will help make that happen.

Kate Nicholls, UK Hospitality said:

This is a generous package of support, which will make a huge difference in safeguarding hospitality jobs. It is great that the Chancellor has listened to our concerns and those of hospitality businesses. We have been hammered harder than any other sector and this enhanced support will be crucial in making sure businesses stay afloat and jobs kept secure.

Dame Carolyn Fairbairn, Director General, CBI said:

The Job Support Scheme will be a welcome and much-needed successor to the furlough scheme and will protect many livelihoods when it begins. It’s right that businesses contribute if they wish to access this scheme. But with a tough winter ahead, significantly increased Government contributions to non-worked hours across all regions will do even more to protect people’s livelihoods.

Meanwhile it’s great to see the extra grant funding give local authorities the discretion to target where support is needed most.

This is a big step towards a more standardised approach of support for areas going into tiers 2 and 3 and those businesses that face tough times who operate within them.

Karen Jones, Hospitality Working Group, said:

Hospitality depends on its people, those 1 in 9 of the UK workforce who have worked so hard and so willingly to make restaurants and pubs Covid secure places for our customers to come to.

Those same people have, until today’s announcement, been deeply worried about the future as a result of the trading effect of Tier restrictions. It is a joy to think that we can now remove that burden of uncertainty, keep people in employment and focus on looking after our customers, safely and securely. Hospitality is at the centre of communities and high streets and we need to keep that flame alive, ready to light up the rebuilding of our local and national economies.

Hospitality is all about teamship: thank you Chancellor for listening and acting in a bold and brave manner. As one team, we can go forward and continue to build an industry of which the UK is proud. A good day

Adam Marshall, Director General, British Chambers of Commerce said:

This is a very significant improvement in the support available to businesses struggling with the impact of increasing restrictions across the UK.

Chambers have been campaigning for greater support for businesses experiencing big falls in demand as a result of new restrictions, and a number of the steps announced today, including the lowering of employer contributions and the number of hours worked needed to qualify for the scheme, respond directly to our calls.

Emma McClarkin, Chief Executive of the British Beer & Pub Association, said:

This necessary and welcome support package will help thousands of pubs with tier two restrictions who otherwise faced devastation to their businesses.

The impact of restrictions has been immediate and deep on our sector, requiring an extensive response from government.

Having called for more support for businesses in our sector struggling under tier two restrictions, we warmly welcome these measures from the Chancellor today. They will help thousands of pubs and support thousands of jobs that otherwise were at real risk of being lost for good.

David Page, Chairman of Fulham Shore said:

We were pleased that Rishi Sunak came to Franco Manca to discuss both improving and simplifying government support for the UK hospitality industry. He listened carefully to what we all had to say - and he responded constructively to both to our positive suggestions and criticisms of government policy to date. In the situation we as a country find ourselves in he seemed to be acting intelligently and decisively’

Michelle Ovens MBE, Founder, Small Business Britain said:

The ongoing challenges of Covid-19 is placing small businesses under huge pressure and its vital that they have as much support as possible, as the situation across the country continues to evolve. It is good to see the government is offering this new extra help over these difficult winter months, to help protect jobs and the small businesses at the heart of the UK economy.

Stephen Phipson, Chief Executive of Make UK, said:

The Chancellor has said that he would work hard to protect jobs and today’s statement is another critical step, particularly making the Job Support Scheme much more accessible to employers. This is especially important for areas under tighter restrictions who are the hardest hit. This will help ensure that regional economies are able to function as normally as possible so that every sector and the economy overall benefits.

Steve McNamara, General Secretary of the Licensed Taxi Drivers Association said:

The doubling of financial support for the self-employed is very welcome news for taxi drivers and will go some way to keeping them afloat over the difficult winter months ahead. It demonstrates that the Treasury is listening and being responsive to the needs of those hit hardest by the pandemic. We hope that this will continue and that the level of support will be kept under review as circumstances change, to ensure it is sufficient to meet drivers’ needs.

Updates to this page

Published 22 October 2020