Airport expansion is one of the most important type of infrastructure project for the UK – both in boosting our economy and jobs and promoting us on the world stage.
Leaving the EU is a new chapter for Britain and provides us with a great opportunity to forge a new role in the world. We are determined to seize that opportunity and having the right infrastructure in place will allow us to build a more global Britain.
The case for expanding Heathrow is as strong as ever and we want to hear your views on it. This is an important consultation and I encourage everybody to get involved across the UK.
On 25 October 2016, the Transport Secretary confirmed that the government’s preferred scheme for adding new runway capacity in the south-east was through a new north-west runway at Heathrow Airport.
This preference was reached in the interests of the whole of the UK and would make sure Britain has the connections it needs to thrive in the global market, sending a clear signal that Britain is open for business.
Heathrow is already the UK’s biggest freight port by value and a new runway would provide a post-Brexit boost for exports. Heathrow’s expansion would open up new links between the UK and markets around the world. It would connect UK goods and services to global customers and make the UK a more attractive location for inward investment.
Expansion at Heathrow is also an opportunity to strengthen the frequency of existing domestic routes and develop new domestic connections from regional airports to London and new global markets.
A third runway will double freight capacity at the airport and allow businesses across the country the opportunity to boost their exports.
Heathrow Airport will be more accessible to the Midlands and the North of England thanks to HS2 via the interchange at Old Oak Common from 2026.
The revised draft Airports National Policy Statement sets the planning policy framework which an applicant would have to comply with in order to get development consent for building a new north-west runway, including:
delivering at least 6 more domestic routes across the UK by 2030
providing a world-class package of support for communities affected, including noise insulation for homes and schools
setting legally binding noise targets, periods of predictable respite and a ban of 6 and a half hours on scheduled night flights
paying home owners 25% above market value rate plus costs for the compulsory purchase of their homes if needed to make way for the new runway
We are also building on Heathrow’s pledges on compensation to put forward a world-class package worth up to £2.6 billion. This will include fully noise insulating homes, schools and community building most affected by noise and a Community Compensation Fund which could raise up to £50 million per year.
Planning consent will only be granted if the new runway can be delivered in accordance with our air quality and climate change obligations.
The Transport Secretary has also made airport noise for communities a top priority and will now have the power to review any changes to flight paths where they are of national significance.
He also launched the Independent Commission for Civil Aviation Noise (ICCAN) to give communities confidence that any proposed airspace changes appropriately consider the impact of aviation noise.
The measures will also enable greater use of new technology to manage airspace more effectively – helping tackle delays, cut emissions and reduce the need for stacking above our busiest airports.
The revised draft Airports National Policy Statement is still subject to Parliamentary scrutiny by a Select Committee. This can be conducted concurrently with the consultation announced today.
Only after Select Committee scrutiny is complete will any final Airports National Policy Statement be laid before Parliament for debate and the opportunity for a vote in the House of Commons.
Following designation of the Airports National Policy Statement, Heathrow Airport would be expected to submit a development consent application to the Planning Inspectorate.
As part of this process, the airport will have to consult with local communities on the detailed proposals of its scheme.
The Planning Inspectorate, taking on board representations from communities, will make a recommendation to the Secretary of State for Transport on whether planning consent should be granted for the Heathrow Northwest Runway scheme.