The department has published the government response to the recent consultation on expanding undergraduate medical education.
The government will increase the number of student places at medical schools in England by 1,500.
From next year, existing medical schools will be able to offer an extra 500 places to future doctors. Another 1,000 places will be allocated across the country, based on an open bidding process.
The bidding process will be supervised by Health Education England and the Higher Education Funding Council for England.
The extra places will be targeted at under-represented social groups such as lower income students, as well as regions that usually struggle to attract trainee medics.
The government has also pledged to ensure the places are allocated to medical schools who will work closely with their local communities to help talented students from disadvantaged backgrounds become doctors.
Alongside the plans to train 1,500 more medical students, the government will also fund 10,000 additional training places for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals. Some of these places will be available to students next month.