- Gordon Brown
- Tony Blair
- Sir John Major
- Baroness Margaret Thatcher
- James Callaghan
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- Sir Edward Heath
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- Edward Smith Stanley 14th Earl of Derby
- Lord John Russell 1st Earl Russell
- Henry John Temple 3rd Viscount Palmerston
- George Hamilton Gordon Earl of Aberdeen
- Sir Robert Peel 2nd Baronet
- William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne
- Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington
- Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey
- Frederick Robinson Viscount Goderich
- George Canning
- Robert Banks Jenkinson Earl of Liverpool
- Spencer Perceval
- William Bentinck Duke of Portland
- William Wyndham Grenville 1st Baron Grenville
- William Pitt 'The Younger'
- Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth
- William Petty 2nd Earl of Shelburne
- Lord Frederick North
- Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke of Grafton
- William Pitt 'The Elder' 1st Earl of Chatham
- Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
- George Grenville
- John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute
- Thomas Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle
- William Cavendish Duke of Devonshire
- Henry Pelham
- Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington
- Sir Robert Walpole
Henry Pelham Whig 1743 to 1754
Early 1696 (though some sources say 1694), Laughton, Sussex
6 March 1754 , Arlington St, London
Dates in office
1743 to 1754
The Consolidation Act 1749: reorganised the Royal Navy.
The British calendar was reorganised (New Year's Day became 1 January) in 1751: Britain would adopt the Gregorian calendar 1 year later.
The Jew Act 1753: allowed Jews to become naturalised by application to Parliament.
The Marriage Act 1753: enumerated the minimum age of consent for marriage.
The Earl of Chesterfield on Pelham: "He was a very inelegant speaker in Parliament, but spoke with a certain candour and openness that made him well heard and generally believed."
On the House of Lords: “Let them alone; they make better speeches for us than we can make for ourselves.”
A loyal follower of Walpole, Henry Pelham served as Prime Minister for 10 years. He brought experience and stability to the role, uniting factions, quashing an attempt to overthrow the King at home, and ending a long-running war with European neighbours.
Pelham came from a political dynasty. The son of a long-serving MP, Pelham’s brother was the Duke of Newcastle, and the 2 reached the top of the political tree together. The duke went on to follow Pelham as Prime Minister.
Henry Pelham was a Lord of the Treasury under Walpole, and was his close friend and ally. He refused to take over from Walpole in 1742 out of friendship for the fallen Prime Minister. Instead, he took over the office after Lord Wilmington’s’s death the following year.
One of Pelham’s strengths as Prime Minister was his ability to unite different political factions. George II, however, was less keen on him: in 1746 Pelham’s term was briefly interrupted by an initially hostile George II, who wanted to replace him with Lord Granville. But Lord Granville could not command the support of Parliament, and Pelham was reinstated 3 days later.
Pelham’s premiership saw attempts at social and financial reform, not all of which were successful. Yet he was successful in ending the War of the Austrian Succession in 1748, achieving peace with France and trade with Spain.
At home Pelham helped to straighten out the national finances, made a doomed attempt to strengthen the rights of Jews and approved an act adopting the Gregorian calendar, which moved the beginning of the year from 25 March to 1 January.
Legislation establishing the British Museum was also passed during Pelham’s term. Harassed and wearied by his duties, Pelham died in office in 1754. He is said to have eaten too much and exercised too little and had a succession of illnesses during his life.