HMT Exchange Equalisation Accounts

The Exchange Equalisation Account (EEA) is the account that holds the UK's reserves of gold, foreign currencies and International Monetary Fund (IMF) Special Drawing Rights (SDRs).

The EEA was established in 1932 to provide a fund which could be used for “checking undue fluctuations in the exchange value of sterling”. Subsequent legislation has extended the possible use of this fund; and under the consolidating Exchange Equalisation Account Act 1979, it may also be used:

  • to secure the conservation or disposition in the national interest of making payments abroad; and
  • for certain purposes arising out of the UK’s membership of the IMF, including the holding, purchase and sale of SDRs.

Under the Finance Act 2000 (section 4 of the EEA Act 1979) the Treasury has a statutory obligation to publish a full set of annual financial accounts for the EEA. The accounts are audited by the National Audit Office and laid before both Houses of Parliament.

The maintenance and integrity of the content on thispage is the responsibility of the Accounting Officer; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and accordingly the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the financial statements since they were initially presented on the website.


  1. Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2017 to 2018
  2. Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2016 to 2017
  3. Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2015 to 2016
  4. Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2014 to 2015
  5. Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2013 to 2014
  6. Exchange Equalisation Accounts, 2012 to 2013
  7. Exchange Equalisation Accounts, 2011 to 2012
  8. Exchange Equalisation Accounts, 2010 to 2011
  9. Exchange Equalisation Accounts, 2009 to 2010
Published 15 July 2013
Last updated 19 July 2018 + show all updates
  1. Updated with 'Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2017 to 2018'.
  2. Updated with Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2016 to 2017
  3. Updated with: Exchange Equalisation Accounts 2015 to 2016
  4. Updated to include page for 2014 to 2015 report
  5. First published.