Cross compliance is made up of ‘Statutory Management Requirements’ (SMRs) and standards for ‘Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions of land’ (GAECs).
public, animal and plant health
environment, climate change and good agricultural condition of land
There’s a lot you need to do to meet the rules, however, in most cases these are things that you should be doing anyway. Depending on the type of holding you have, you may not need to follow every SMR and GAEC.
Who must follow the cross compliance rules?
If you claim these rural payments, you must follow the cross compliance rules:
Basic Payment Scheme
Entry Level Stewardship
(including Organic Entry Level Stewardship and Uplands Entry Level Stewardship) agreements starting on or after 1 January 2007
Higher Level Stewardship
(including Organic Higher Level Stewardship and Uplands Higher
Level Stewardship) agreements starting on or after 1 January 2007
English Woodland Grant Scheme
(Woodland Management Grant and Farm Woodland Premium elements) agreements starting on or after 1 January 2007.
To check that claimants are following cross compliance properly, RPA and the Animal and Plant Health Agency must carry out inspections on a selection of holdings each year. If the inspector finds something wrong, you could lose some (or all) of your rural payments.
The main regulations relating to cross compliance are as follows (this is not a complete list):
Regulation EUR 2013/1306
Regulation EUR 2014/640
Regulation EUR 2014/809
The Direct Payments to Farmers and Cross Compliance (Simplifications) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2020
The Common Agricultural Policy (Control and Enforcement, Cross-Compliance, Scrutiny of Transactions and Appeals) Regulations 2014 (which sets out all the GAECs).
The Farming Advice Service (FAS) is funded by Defra to provide free, confidential advice to farmers and farming industry advisers to help them understand and meet requirements for cross compliance, water use and quality, and pesticide use including integrated pest management planning.
Call them on 03000 200 301 or search online for more information about the Farming Advice Service.
Farmers and land managers must follow these cross compliance rules from 1 January 2021 for the whole year if they claim for the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS), a stewardship scheme or the English Woodland Grant Scheme (EWGS) in 2021.