Anthrax: guidance, data and analysis

The diagnosis, management, and vaccination of anthrax.

Anthrax is a bacterial disease which primarily affects herbivorous animals, although all mammals are susceptible to infection. In humans, anthrax can affect the skin and, rarely, the respiratory or gastro-intestinal tract. It is caused by Bacillus anthracis, spores of which can survive in the environment for many years.

Anthrax is a notifiable disease in England.

More information about anthrax is available on the health protection website.

Diagnosis and management

Rare and imported pathogens laboratory (RIPL) is a specialist centre for advice and diagnosis for a wide range of unusual viral and bacterial infections including anthrax.


PHE is the sole manufacturer of the UK’s licensed anthrax vaccine.

  1. Anthrax: the green book, chapter 13
Published 11 September 2008