All requests to release GMOs into the environment, like GM crop trials or clinical tests of GM vaccines, are referred by government to ACRE.
ACRE assesses each request against the possible risks to human health or the environment. If more information is needed to review the application then ACRE will request this from the applicant directly.
Finally ACRE publishes a report that sets out a summary of its findings in each case. This recommends government either approves or denies the request, and may also contain conditions or monitoring measures that ACRE thinks should be included.