Drivers' hours

4. Passenger carrying vehicles

If you’re driving a vehicle that carries passengers the rules that apply to you depend on:

  • the number of passenger seats
  • how far you’re driving (the distance of your route)
  • if you’re driving to or from another country
  • if you’re driving on a regular or a non-regular service

A regular service follows a specified route, with stopping points for passengers to get on or off.

Check the tables below to see which rules apply to you.

Public service vehicles (PSV)

A public service vehicle is a vehicle that’s used to carry passengers for hire or payment.

Type of operation 8 or fewer passenger seats 9 to 12 passenger seats 13 to 16 passenger seats 17 or more passenger seats
Regular service on route not exceeding 50km GB domestic rules GB domestic rules GB Domestic rules GB Domestic rules
National or international regular service on route exceeding 50km The local rules of the countries you drive in (GB domestic rules in the UK) EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules
National or international non-regular service eg commercial excursions, tours or private hire The local rules of the countries you drive in (GB domestic rules in the UK) EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules

Other passenger carrying vehicles including ‘permit operations’

‘Permit operations’ include vehicles such as school minibuses and vehicles used by community groups.

Type of operation 8 or fewer passenger seats 9 to 12 passenger seats 13 to16 passenger seats 17 or more passenger seats
UK journeys – non-PSV public ‘services’ or ‘utilities’ purposes Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply GB domestic rules GB domestic rules
UK journeys – non-PSV business use Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules
UK journeys – Permit 19 and Permit 22 vehicles driven by volunteer or private use Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply EU/AETR rules
UK journeys – Permit 19 and Permit 22 vehicles driven by employee Drivers’ hours rules don’t apply GB domestic rules GB domestic rules EU/AETR rules
International journeys including private use The local rules of the countries you drive in EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules EU/AETR rules

More information

Read Passenger vehicles: rules on drivers’ hours and tachographs for the main rules.

You can also print out the ‘Staying legal’ leaflet, which includes checklists covering the basic rules.