Exemptions from EU law

Some types of vehicle are exempt from EU rules. This means they come under GB domestic rules in the UK.

The main types of exempt vehicle are:

  • vehicles that cannot go faster than 40 kilometres per hour, including vehicles that are restricted by a set speed limiter

  • emergency aid vehicles - vehicles used in the non-commercial transport of humanitarian aid for use in emergencies or rescue operations

  • breakdown vehicles - specialised breakdown vehicles working within a 100km of their base

  • vehicles undergoing road tests for technical development, repair or maintenance purposes, and new or rebuilt vehicles which have not yet been put into service

  • vehicles manufactured more than 25 years ago

  • vehicles used by agricultural, horticultural, forestry, farming or fishery businesses for carrying goods within 100km of where the business is based

  • vehicles that are used to carry live animals between a farm and a market, or from a market to a slaughterhouse where the distance is less than 100km

  • vehicles that are used to carry animal waste or carcasses that are not intended for human consumption

  • educational vehicles, for example play buses and mobile libraries

  • vehicles or combinations of vehicles with a maximum permissible weight of 7.5 tonnes or less that are used for carrying work equipment for the driver where the distance is less than 100km

  • vehicles driven only on islands whose area does not exceed 2,300 square kilometres

  • vehicles with a maximum weight of 7.5 tonnes which use natural or liquefied gas or electricity as fuel and carry goods within 50km from their base

  • driving instruction or exams - vehicles used for driving instruction and examination. Includes instruction for renewal of Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (CPC)

  • circus vehicles - specialised vehicles transporting circus and funfair equipment

  • milk collection - vehicles used for collecting milk from farms or returning milk containers or milk products for animal feed to farms

  • any vehicle that is propelled by steam

Read the full list of exempt vehicles.