You can complain if you’re unhappy with a judge, magistrate, tribunal member or coroner’s:

  • behaviour
  • language
  • conduct

You must make your complaint within 3 months.

You can’t use the complaints process to challenge a decision or sentence . You should get legal advice about how to appeal.

How to complain

There’s a different process for tribunals, magistrates’ courts and judges sitting in other courts.

Tribunals

Contact the Tribunal President for the tribunal you went to, eg employment tribunal or immigration tribunal.

Magistrates’ court

Contact the advisory committee for the area your court is in. You can ask a member of staff at court if you’re not sure which advisory committee to contact.

Judges sitting in other courts

This includes:

  • Crown Court judges
  • coroners
  • district judges

You can complain online on the Judicial Conduct Investigations Office (JCIO) website.

If you’re not satisfied with how your complaint was dealt with

Contact the Judicial Appointments and Conduct Ombudsman (JACO) if you’re unhappy with the way your complaint was handled.

You must contact JACO within 28 days of being notified that your complaint has been dealt with and closed.

Download and fill in a judicial conduct complaint form.

Send the form by email or post.

Judicial Appointments and Conduct Ombudsman headofoffice@jaco.gsi.gov.uk
Telephone: 020 3334 2900
Fax: 020 3334 2913

Judicial Appointments and Conduct Ombudsman
9.53, 9th Floor, the Tower
102 Petty France
London SW1H 9AJ