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HMRC internal manual

VAT Refunds Manual


Where a person

  • submits a claim, whether under section 80 of the VAT Act 1994 or under section 25 of the VAT Act and regulation 29 of the VAT Regulations 1995; and
  • the claim overstates the amount due to them from HMRC; and
  • it relates to a prescribed accounting period in respect of which the return was due on or after 1 April 2009, and
  • the inaccuracy in the claim is a result of either careless or deliberate behaviour

they may be liable to a penalty under paragraph 1 of Schedule 24 to the Finance Act 2007.

They will not however be liable to a penalty if they took reasonable care with their calculations and the error arose despite of this.

Sch 24 penalties may be raised where, for example, a person

  • makes a claim which they then withdraw after HMRC has started verifying the claim; or
  • makes a claim which is clearly for accounting periods which are out of time.

See CH80000 for guidance on the application and assessment of penalties.