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HMRC internal manual

Self Assessment Manual

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HM Revenue & Customs
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Repayments: issue repayment: freestanding credit created manually from a ‘stand alone’ claim for error or mistake relief (S33 TMA 1970) or overpayment relief (Schedule 1AB TMA 1970)

Effective date of payment (EDP)

The EDP(s) of the freestanding credit(s) is the relevant due date of the original charge(s) which would have been reduced had it been possible to amend the SA return.

For example

  • The freestanding credit created for the relief should be given an EDP of the relevant due date of the BCD. But where the relief exceeds the BCD amount, the amount of relief exceeding the BCD should be divided equally into two amounts and two freestanding credits created with EDPs equal to the payments on account
  • Where only POAs exist for the year of claim, the relief should be divided equally into two amounts and two freestanding credits created with EDPs equal to the relevant due dates of the POAs
  • Where the relief exceeds the amount of any BCD and / or POAs the excess should be treated as a BCC and a freestanding credit created for this excess amount with an EDP of the fixed filing date of the year of claim

Where the original tax has been paid late, the freestanding credit(s) should replace the late payments and this will reduce the interest and surcharge accordingly. Note: Surcharge applied to tax years 2009-10 and earlier and was replaced by tax geared late filing penalties for tax years 2010-11 and later. Further guidance is available in subject ‘Claims: Error or Mistake’ (SAM114040).

Repayment supplement (RPS)

From To
   
The date(s) the tax for the year of claim was paid, except where the original tax has been collected through the code  

This should be done on a last in first out basis

Where the original tax has been collected through the code. 

For years 1995-96 and earlier

  • 6 April, 12 months following the end of the tax year in which it was coded

For years 1996-97 onwards

  • 31 January following the end of the tax year in which it was coded

For the amount of relief that exceeds the total tax liability for the year of claim 

  • The fixed filing date of the year of claim
Note: Where the ‘original’ tax was not paid, RPS is not payable. Where repayment or set off is to be made
  • The projected issue date of the repayment

Where set off is to be made within the same UTR and to a later year

  • The relevant due date of the outstanding charge against which the credit is to be set

Note: Where set off is to be made to an earlier year, no RPS will be payable

Where set off is to be made against another UTR or Head of Duty

The date the set off is made

RPS calculated automatically or manually?

  • RPS will need to be calculated manually

Note: RPS is not calculated on the amount of the FSC but on the payment(s) that the FSC is replacing. The exception to this is where the FSC relates to an amount that would have been a BCC, in which case RPS is calculated on the FSC amount.