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HMRC internal manual

National Minimum Wage Manual

Disclosure of information: Human Rights Act 1998

Relevant legislation

The legislation that applies to this page is as follows:

  • Human Rights Act 1998


The European Convention on Human Rights provides legal protection for the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. It was incorporated into United Kingdom law by the Human Rights Act 1998.

The Convention is divided into “articles” and over the years has been supplemented by protocols agreed by the Council of Europe. Some of the protocols deal with procedural issues, but some guarantee further rights in addition to those in the Convention. The United Kingdom has signed up to some but not all the protocols.

The European Court of Human Rights is the international court set up to interpret and apply the Convention. It is based in Strasbourg, France.

Under the Human Rights Act, it is unlawful for a body carrying out a public function to act in a way that is incompatible with any of the Convention rights included in the Act. HM Revenue & Customs (NMWM02030) carries out a public function and so must comply with the provisions of the Human Rights Act.

See (NMWM16000) for how this can impact on national minimum wage investigations.