Beta This part of GOV.UK is being rebuilt – find out what this means

HMRC internal manual

Lloyd's Manual

HM Revenue & Customs
, see all updates

Inheritance tax: Names: introduction

The following paragraphs outline the main inheritance tax issues affecting individualmembers of Lloyd’s. For more detailed guidance on inheritance tax see the InheritanceTax Manual – IHTM01000 (LLM10000).

Inheritance tax is charged on the total value of a deceased person’s estate at death,and this will include the whole of the Lloyd’s interests of a deceased Name. Theinterests include assets held to back the underwriting as well as the underwriting profitsof open accounts and accounts that are running off. A UK domiciled member is liable to IHTon worldwide assets; a non-UK domiciled member on assets situated in the UK.

Interest in the underwriting business

There are three distinct elements to the Lloyd’s interest

  • the pipeline results of the open years of account together with the result of any closed year of account not distributed before death (open year run-off accounts also have to be valued)
  • the value of assets held in a special reserve fund (see LLM5230) and in ancillary trust funds (LLM1200)
  • the value of syndicate capacity.

LLM8270 and

LLM8280 deal with valuation issues relatingto IHT.

Business property relief (BPR)

The ten yearly instalment method of paying any resulting inheritance tax is availablefor IHT due on the value of business assets, whether or not they rank for businessproperty relief. LLM8290 deals with business property relief.


IHT issues relating to Lloyd’s are dealt with by one of the Valuation Groups inShares and Assets Valuation in Nottingham.