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HMRC internal manual

# Periodic calculations: example

This example shows how excess events can arise on a policy where there has been morethan one payment of premium and how unused net allowable payments are carried forward tolater years.

## Transactions

• On 10 January 2001 a policy is taken out with an initial premium of £10,000
• On 27 August 2002 a part surrender of £500 is made
• On 5 February 2003, a further premium of £5,000 is paid
• On 17 July 2005, a part surrender of £4,000 is made.
• On 27 October 2007, a part surrender of £3,000 is made.

## Periodic calculations and excess events

Each ongoing insurance year runs from 10 January to 9 January of the following year.

Year 2 (10 January 2002 to 9 January 2003):

The allowable element is 2 x 5% x £10,000 = £1,000.

Since the amount of the part surrender (£500) does not exceed the net allowable element,no excess event arises for this year.

Year 5 (10 January 2005 to 9 January 2006):

The total of allowable elements is (5 x 5% x £10,000) + (3 x 5% x £5,000) = £3,250,that is 5 years allowance relating to the initial premium and 3 years relatingto the later premium. No allowable elements were previously taken into account, as therehave been no previous excess events, so net total allowable payments is £3,250.

Net total value of parts surrendered is £500 + £4000 = £4,500. This exceeds the nettotal allowable payments by £1,250 therefore an excess event arises at the end of theinsurance year on 9 January 2006 and the amount of gain is £1,250.

Year 7 (10 January 2007 to 9 January 2008):

Total allowable elements is (7 x 5% x £10,000) + (5 x 5% x £5,000) = £4,750. Allowableelements of £3,250 were taken into account on the excess event in year 5 so net totalallowable payments is £1,500.

Total value of parts surrendered is £500 + £4,000 + £3,000 = £7,500 but part surrendervalues totalling £4,500 were brought into account on the excess event in year 5 so mustbe deducted. Therefore, the net total value of parts surrendered is £3,000.

This exceeds net total allowable payments, so an excess event arises on 9 January 2008 andthere is a chargeable event gain of £1,500.

 Further reference and feedback IPTM1013