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HMRC internal manual

Inheritance Tax Manual

Basic Principles: How the RNRB is applied.

RNRB is an extra nil-rate band. It is available in addition to the existing nil-rate band (NRB) if the qualifying conditions are met. In calculating the IHT due on the estate the RNRB is not applied directly to the value of the home, or ‘qualifying residential interest’ (IHTM46011). It is applied to the value of a person’s estate on death before applying the existing NRB. However, unlike the existing NRB, it does not apply to lifetime transfers made within seven years of the death.

Example 1

Anthony dies in August 2020 with an estate valued at £490,000, all of which is left to his children. His estate is entitled to RNRB of £175,000 and a NRB of £325,000.

Value of the estate £490,000
   
Deduct RNRB £175,000
  £315,000
Deduct NRB £315,000
Value taxed at 40% Nil

 

In this case the whole of the RNRB has been used up, but £10,000 out of the available NRB of £325,000 remains unused and could be transferred to Anthony’s wife or civil partner.

Example 2

Delilah dies in October 2020 leaving an estate worth £750,000, to her granddaughter. She had previously made gifts of £700,000 to her other grandchildren and a nephew within seven years of her death. Delilah’s estate qualifies for RNRB of £175,000 and a NRB of £325,000.

The NRB of £325,000 is applied against the lifetime gifts of £700,000 first:

Chargeable lifetime gifts £700,000
   
Less NRB £325,000
Value on which IHT due £325,000

 

The chargeable lifetime gifts use up all of the NRB and £375,000 of the gifts are subject to IHT. However, the RNRB remains available to set against the estate value.

Estate value £750,000
   
Less RNRB £175,000
Value on which IHT due £575,000