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HMRC internal manual

Inheritance Tax Manual

Meaning of estate for s.142: introduction

The normal meaning of an individual’s estate (IHTM04029) is modified for the purposes of IHTA84/S142 (1) in the following way so that

  • it is extended to include any excluded property (IHTM04141) which would otherwise be taken out of the IHT estate by IHTA84/S5 (1).  Examples are


  • a non-purchased reversionary interest (IHTM04281)
  • certain British Government securities (IHTM04291) if the deceased was not ordinarily resident in the UK


  • it is restricted by the excluding from the meaning of estate property to which the deceased was entitled under


  • IHTA84/S49 (1), settled property, (IHTM16000) and
  • FA86/S102, a gift with reservation (IHTM04072) which is still subject to a reservation at the date of death.

Subject to these modifications, the normal meaning of estate applies.  Property that may be redirected by a variation includes

  • joint property (IHTM15081) passing by survivorship,
  • joint property passing under a special destination (IHTM15050) in Scotland, and
  • property devolving under legal rights (IHTM12221) in Scotland.