Conditions and Tests: Tax-exempt business Conditions: Condition 1: single property
Single property - section 107(6)(b)
Tax-exempt business Condition 1 requires the company to have three or more single properties in its property rental business. This is defined by reference to whether a property or part of it can be rented out under a separate lease. Some examples are given below to illustrate how this definition of ‘single property’ applies in practice.
If a four-storey office block has its stairwells and common parts designed so that each floor can be occupied by a separate tenant, this would count as four single properties even if in fact the whole block is let out to single tenant.
Part of property used for property rental business
The company may own a whole building, occupy four floors as its head offices and rent the remaining floor out to unconnected tenants. The floor rented out is a separate property from the four floors that are owner-occupied. Depending on how the building is configured, the one floor that is rented out will count as a single, separate property for the purposes of the property conditions. As a matter of fact, it is rented out separately from the other part of the building.
Ownership of part of a property
Part ownership of a shop would not however count as a ‘single’ property as it is not possible to rent out part of a shop. For example a company is the co-owner of three properties. They hold 40% of each, and the remaining 60% is owned by one of company directors. The company would not meet the three or more properties condition, since it would own 40% of three properties, rather than three properties that it could rent out as three units separate from any other unit.
Hall of residence
Where students have exclusive use and access to their rooms or flats for the rental period then each unit of student accommodation will count as a separate property.
A hotel is a single property and may be part of the property rental business if it is let to an operator who has no connection with the owner of the property.
If, however, the hotel is run by the company, or by a member of the Group REIT, then it is owner occupied and the income is trading income. It is therefore excluded from the property rental business.