HMRC internal manual

Employment Status Manual

ESM4156 - Particular occupations: family employment - other than by spouse

SS (Categorisation of Earners) Regulations 1978 (SI 1978 No.1689) paragraph 7 in Part III of Schedule 1

For NICs purposes, if someone is employed by any of the following relatives in a private dwelling-house in which both the person employed and the employer reside, disregard it unless the employment is for the purpose of any trade or business being carried out in that private dwelling-house by the employer.

  • father or mother
  • grandfather or grandmother
  • son or daughter
  • grandson or granddaughter
  • stepfather, stepmother, stepson, or stepdaughter
  • brother or sister; and
  • half-brother or half-sister.

The sort of employment envisaged is that of gardener, carer, cook, etc.