Intangible assets: notes on accounting practice: amortisation
FRS102 s18 and s19 require goodwill and intangible assets to be amortised on a systematic basis over their useful life. The amortisation method should reflect the expected pattern in which the asset’s future economic benefits are expected to be consumed. If the pattern cannot be determined reliably, the straight-line method should be used.
All intangible assets (including goodwill) are considered to have a finite useful life. If it is not possible to make a reliable estimate, the useful life should be restricted to a maximum of 10 years.
In the case of an intangible asset other than goodwill, the useful life cannot exceed the period of any contractual or legal rights.
Review of useful life
The useful life of goodwill and intangible assets should be reviewed when there are indicators that it may have changed. If the useful life is changed, the carrying value of the asset at the date of the change should not be amended. Instead, the carrying value should be amortised over the revised remaining useful life.
The principle differences between IAS38/IFRS3 and FRS102 s18 and s19 which may have an impact for Part 8 purposes are as follows:
- Systematic amortisation of goodwill is not permitted. Instead, goodwill is reviewed annually for impairment.
- Intangible assets other than goodwill can have an indefinite useful life and there is no presumed maximum of 10 years in cases where a reliable estimate cannot be made.
- Intangible assets with limited useful lives are subject to systematic amortisation on the same basis as required by FRS102 s18. Where intangible assets are regarded as having an indefinite life, no amortisation is charged. Instead, such assets are reviewed annually for impairment.
FRS105 s13 and s14
There are no significant differences between FRS105 s13 and s14 and FRS102 s18 and s19 which have been identified as having an impact for Part 8 purposes.
The principle differences between FRS10 and FRS102 s18 and s19 which may have an impact for Part 8 purposes are as follows:
- There is a rebuttable presumption that the useful life will not exceed 20 years. However, in cases where rebuttal is appropriate, both goodwill and intangible assets can be regarded as having an indefinite useful life. There is no presumed maximum of 10 years in cases where a reliable estimate cannot be made.
- Goodwill and intangible assets with limited useful lives are subject to systematic amortisation on the same basis as required by FRS102 s18 and s19. Where such assets are regarded as having an indefinite life, no amortisation is charged. Instead, annual impairment reviews are carried out.