Licensing guidance, good practice on firearms law, and forms for applying for approvals under the law.
The possession of firearms and ammunition in Great Britain is regulated mainly by the Firearms Act 1968.
The guidance is only available as an online document. This will help us update the guidance promptly if there are any changes to legislation or processes and help keep the guidance accurate.
The firearms security handbook provides guidance for police and others on securely storing and moving guns.
Firearms security: a brief guide is also available.
The 2011 leaflet air weapons: a brief guide to safety contains information on the safe handling and storage of air weapons, the different types of air weapons and air weapons and the law.
Other publications include:
- air gun owners: new legislation - leaflet from 2004 provides advice on how to comply with the ban on self-contained gas cartridge weapons
- deactivation of firearms - these specifications were revised in 2010
- firearms and ammunition handed in during the firearms amnesty 2003 - a table outlining the types and numbers of weapons and ammunition handed over
The following guidance on maritime security is available:
- section 5 authorisation to protect UK-registered ships: guidance to applicants - outlines the authorisation process on the use of armed guards on UK-registered ships
- process for section 5 authorisation for maritime armed security applications: questions and answers - advice about the process for applicants seeking authorisation under section 5
Apply for a Home Office firearms licence
Firearms licence fees
The Firearms (Fees) Regulations 2019 were made under section 32ZA of the Firearms Act 1968 and section 15B of, and paragraph 3A of the Schedule to, the Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988. With effect from 1 October 2019, the Regulations specify the fees for museum firearm licences, club approval and section 5 authorisations.
The fees are (with certain exceptions for museums) intended to recover the costs of the Home Office, Scottish Government and the police in administering applications. Fees are payable on grant. The applicable fee levels are set out in the Firearms (Fees) Regulations 2019. Further information is contained in Home Office Circular 006/2019: Firearms (Fees) Regulations 2019.
If you cancel your application
We consider how much to charge for cancellations case by case. You may be charged any costs already owed, relating to administration, travel or accommodation arrangements, if:
- you cancel your application following a police inspection
- you cancel your application after you receive an outcome from us
We may also ask for our administrative costs to be paid within 10 working days. We can email you extra information about these costs.
Apply for a shotgun or firearms certificate
You need a firearms certificate issued by the police to possess, buy or acquire a firearm or shotgun. You must also have a certificate to buy ammunition.
From 1 April 2016, information sharing processes between GPs and police have been introduced to ensure that people licensed to possess firearm and shotgun certificates are medically fit. The Home Office guide on firearms licensing law contains a section on medical information, and the British Medical Association has issued guidance for GPs about firearms licencing.
Police contact details
You can get a firearm or shotgun certificate application form from the firearms licensing unit of your local police force.
Changes in the law
7 May 2021: The Firearms (Amendment) Rules 2021
The Firearms (Amendment) Rules 2021 introduces changes made under The Firearms Rules 1998 to allow for the recording of the “unique identifying mark” on the firearm or shotgun or it’s component parts to be recorded on the prescribed forms for firearm and shotgun certificates and, clarification of the obligation to inform the chief officer of police of the theft, loss or destruction in Great Britain of a firearm or shotgun certificate, or of any firearm or shotgun or ammunition to which the certificate relates.
22 March 2021: Antique Firearms Regulations 2021 and the Policing and Crime Act 2017 (Commencement No.11 and Transitional Provisions) Regulations 2021
The law on antique firearms is changing. From 22 March 2021 some firearms previously regarded as antique, and therefore exempt from control, no longer qualify as such and must now be licensed. Owners of these firearms must act by 23:59 on 21 September 2021 to licence them or lawfully dispose of them.
12 December 2019: Firearms Regulations 2019 and the Firearms (Amendment) (No. 2) Rules 2019
The amendments made under the Firearms Acts introduce changes to the controls on firearms relating to:
- responsibility for secure storage arrangements in relation to certificate holders under the age of eighteen
- the particulars to be entered by firearms dealers into their register of transactions in order to reflect new marking requirements for firearms and essential component parts
- the notification of certain deactivated firearms held in the United Kingdom and their transfer
Forms are available to notify the Secretary of State of possession, or transfer, or a deactivated firearm.
1 October 2019: The Firearms (Fees) Regulations 2019
Fees for firearms licensing were reintroduced following a full public consultation.
The government introduced the measure in Parliament via statutory instrument in July 2019. The instrument came into force as law on 1 October 2019.
The new fees are intended to recover the costs of the Home Office, Scottish Government and the police in administering applications. There are certain exceptions for museums. Fees are payable on grant. The applicable fee levels are set out in the Firearms (Fees) Regulations 2019.
10 June 2019: Firearms (Amendment) Rules 2019
The amendments made to the Firearms Rules came into force on 10 June 2019 and require applicants for registration with the police as a firearms dealer to complete a medical declaration. Applicants must also provide details of their ‘servants’ at each place of business so that relevant background checks can be completed by the police.
16 May 2019: Offensive Weapons Act 2019
The Offensive Weapons Act 2019 introduces new prohibitions under the Firearms Act 1968 on certain rapid-firing rifles (section 5(1)(ag)) and “bump stocks” (section 5(1)(ba)), which increase the rate of fire of self-loading rifles.
The prohibitions came into force with effect from 16 May, to the extent that they prohibit the manufacture, sale, transfer or acquisition of such weapons. The prohibition on possession will come into force at a later date, following completion of surrender and compensation arrangements.
28 June 2018: revised EU Implementing Regulation affecting deactivated firearms
Implementing Regulation 2015/2403 has been revised. On 28 June 2018 Implementing Regulation 2018/337 introduces changes affecting deactivation standards within EU Member States.come into effect. EU Commission
If you have any questions please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
21 April 2017: firearms controls in the Policing and Crime Act 2017
Information about the new legal provisions on firearms in the Policing and Crime Act 2017.
8 April 2016: change in law affecting deactivated firearms
12 March 2015: notice of a change to the cost of firearms licensing fees
From 6 April 2015 there will be new fees charged by the police for administering firearms licences. This follows the public consultation held in November and December 2014.
The response to the government consultation on increasing firearms licensing fees administered by the police - which includes details on the new fees - is available.
22 December 2014: notice of a change in law affecting registered firearms dealers and computerised records – EU Weapons Directive 2008/51.
The Home Office has revisited its position on the implementation of article 4(4) of the EU Weapons Directive 2008/51 (amending Council Directive 91/477). We do appreciate that it is not ideal to be changing our approach at this late stage. However we have reconsidered the scope of the requirements and have decided that rather than mandating firearms dealers to computerise their records we will rely on the National Firearms Licensing Management System (England and Wales) and SHOGUN (Scotland), with both the police and firearms dealers continuing to record current information.
This means that firearms dealers can continue to keep paper-based records although we would continue to recommend computerised records as a matter of best practice.
Firearms dealers will not be required to record anything more or less than they are already required to do now but records will need to kept and maintained for a minimum of 20 years.
The requirements for what has to be recorded as part of the directive are already covered by section 40 and schedule 4 of the Firearms Act 1968 and Part IV of Schedule 5 to the Firearms Rules 1998. Therefore the only difference for firearms dealers will be the length of time they must hold their records for.
Please note that there is no requirement for registered firearms dealers trading only in air weapons or ammunition to comply with this EU Directive. If you have any questions please contact email@example.com, or read the further information about the new legislation.
Changes to the Firearms Act 1968
From 14 July 2014, if a person receives a suspended sentence of 3 months or more they will not be able to purchase or possess a firearm or ammunition for a period of 5 years from the second day after sentence.
From 14 July 2014, a person who has served or received a criminal sentence will not be able to possess an antique firearm.
The prohibition applies to anyone who has served a custodial sentence of more than 3 years or has served a custodial sentence, or received a suspended sentence, of between 3 months and 3 years.
A person to whom this applies and who currently lawfully possesses an antique firearm will need to dispose of it by 14 July.
Read more information on firearms licensing legislation and in the below leaflets:
On 18 November 2015 the EU Commission published proposals to amend the Firearms Directive 91/477/EEC as amended by Directive 2008/51/EC. You can read the . Negotiations on the directive are ongoing.
Further information will be added to this page when it is available.
Travelling to EU countries with deactivated weapons for historical re-enactments and commemorative events
If you are travelling to an EU country with deactivated weapons, these must conform to the technical specifications set out in the EU Implementing Regulation on deactivation standards which came into effect on 8 April.
If you are returning to the UK you will also need to comply with the additional measures required by the UK. Weapons deactivated to other standards must not be taken to other EU countries, nor will they be admitted into the UK.
The Proof Houses are aware of the likely increase in demand for their services and the urgency of such requests in relation to the centenary anniversary of the Battle of the Somme and related events. Re-enactment and living history societies and individuals should contact the relevant Proof House as soon as possible and tell them of the numbers and types of firearms which need certifying. The Proof House will endeavour to meet requests ahead of travel but cannot guarantee all firearms will be certified in time.
All costs incurred as a result of this certification must be met by the owners of the deactivated weapons. The government will not provide any financial assistance to cover these costs and it will not provide compensation for any claims arising as a result of the additional certification requirement.
The onus remains on individuals to check with the relevant authority if import licenses are need before travelling with deactivated. Please read the guidance on importing deactivated weapons back into the UK.
Police use of firearms
For general information for the police on the use of firearms, you need to go to the following pages on The National Archives:
- police use of firearms
- code of practice on the police use of firearms
- use of tasers
- attenuating energy projectile (AEP) impact rounds and discriminating irritant projectile (DIP)
Drugs and Firearms Licensing Unit (DFLU) contact details
For any query about the legislation relating to firearms in the UK, or other firearms-related question.
For queries about firearms licensing fees, invoices and billing.
For customer complaints about firearms licences. You should first attempt to resolve any issues with the firearms team directly using the other contact details above.
You can contact the Home Office by telephone on 0300 105 0248.