Environmental fines or notices: appeal against a regulator
How to appeal to a tribunal against fine, notice or other sanction issued by the Environment Agency, Natural England or another regulator.
What you can appeal against
You can appeal against a fine or a notice for an environmental offence – eg for pollution or dumping toxic waste – imposed by:
- Environment Agency
- Natural England
- Marine Management Organisation
- National Measurement Office
- local flood authorities
- Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
- Department of Energy and Climate Change
- Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment
- Welsh ministers
- local authorities in England and Wales
The tribunal only deals with appeals against civil sanctions – not criminal offences.
The regulator’s decision may be put on hold until after the tribunal has considered your case, but this won’t always be possible.
Nitrate vulnerable zones
The only grounds of appeal are that the land (or any part of it):
does not drain into polluted water
drains into water which is not polluted.
Find out more about your land and nitrate vulnerable zones.
Use the T38 coversheet and include it with your appeal.
Your case will be dealt with by a tribunal in the General Regulatory Chamber.
The tribunal is independent of the government, and will listen to both sides of the argument before it reaches a decision.
How to appeal
You have 28 days to appeal after the regulator sends you its decision.
Say clearly why you think the regulator’s decision was wrong or unreasonable.
Include any supporting documents, like the regulator’s decision
Send the form to firstname.lastname@example.org or:
General Regulatory Chamber
HM Courts & Tribunals Service
PO Box 9300
Telephone: 0300 123 4504
Fax: 0870 739 4114
What happens next
The tribunal will write to you about the next steps.
Find out more about General Regulatory Chamber hearings and decisions.
Legislation and rules
You can find the main sanctions and the right to appeal to the tribunal in the:
The other environmental regulations are listed in rules and rights of appeal leaflet.
You can read the rules on how your case will be handled in the General Regulatory Chamber procedure rules.