Enforcement laws: advice on protecting the natural environment in England
Get advice from Natural England to help you comply with laws that protect wildlife and the natural environment.
Natural England is responsible for enforcing laws that protect wildlife and the natural environment. Enforcement is used as a last resort but it is sometimes necessary to make sure that the natural environment is protected. Natural England aims to use enforcement in a consistent and proportionate manner to target illegal activities that have the greatest impact on wildlife, geology and landscapes.
Natural England’s compliance and enforcement position
The compliance and enforcement position (PDF, 95.1KB, 4 pages) explains how Natural England help people comply with the laws we are responsible for enforcing. It also outlines the general principles followed when Natural England need to take enforcement action.
The following information gives further details on the processes involved in taking enforcement action:
enforcement guidance (PDF, 365KB, 16 pages)
annex 1: offence explanation (PDF, 228KB, 19 pages)
annexes 2 to 4: sanction explanation (PDF, 385KB, 48 pages)
annex 5: summary table (PDF, 19.7KB, 3 pages)
annex 6: example incidents (PDF, 76.4KB, 4 pages)
Natural England’s enforcement responsibilities
Natural England is responsible for the following:
- Sites of Special Scientific Interest
- environmental damage regulations
- heather and grass burning
- agricultural work that affects uncultivated land or semi-natural areas
- breaches of wildlife licences and notices
- pesticide poisoning to animals
- complaints relating to weeds
Report a suspected offence such as wildlife poisoning
If you want to report a suspected animal poisoning or other abuse of pesticides telephone the Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme on 0800 321 600.
If you want to report a suspected breach of the Environmental Impact Assessment (Agriculture) Regulations telephone the EIA helpline on 0800 028 2140 or email: email@example.com
If you want to report a suspected breach of a species licence that Natural England has issued, email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Please put the name of the county that the incident is in at the start of the subject line in order to make sure that your report is dealt with in a timely way.
Please note: breaches of general licences that Natural England issue are enforced by the police. These, and any other offences against protected species, should be reported to your local police service via 101 or call Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
If the incident is on-going, please report in to the police on 999. In all cases, you should ask if the case can be referred to a police wildlife crime officer (PWCO) for investigation. You might want to ask for a police incident number in order to follow up on your report.
To report any other incidents contact the Natural England enquiries service telephone: 0300 060 3900 or email: email@example.com.
The primary purpose of the enforcement undertaking is to allow the offender to restore and remedy any environmental damage they have caused. Use this offer form (MS Word Document, 41.6KB) to notify Natural England whether you are being:
- proactive and you are self-reporting a suspected offence
- reactive to an offence where you have been notified that Natural England intend taking criminal or civil action against you for this alleged offence.
Return your offer by email firstname.lastname@example.org or post to:
Natural England Enquiries
Natural England annual reports of enforcement activity
Annual report 2014 to 2015 (PDF, 1000KB, 12 pages)
Annual report 2013 to 2014 (PDF, 408KB, 9 pages)
Annual report 2012 to 2013 (PDF, 362KB, 8 pages)
For earlier reports see Natural England National Archives website
Prosecutions and civil sanctions brought by Natural England (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 73KB)
Published: 20 October 2013
Updated: 1 July 2016
- Annual report 2014 to 2015 published.
- Added updated version of the public register of civil sanctions and prosecutions.
- Updated version of register of civil sanctions and prosecutions
- Added updated version of register of civil sanctions and prosecutions
- First published.