Enforcement laws: advice on protecting the natural environment in England

Get advice from Natural England to help you comply with laws that protect wildlife and the natural environment.


Natural England is responsible for enforcing laws that protect wildlife and the natural environment. Enforcement is used as a last resort but it is sometimes necessary to make sure that the natural environment is protected. Natural England aims to use enforcement in a consistent and proportionate manner to target illegal activities that have the greatest impact on wildlife, geology and landscapes.

Natural England’s compliance and enforcement position

The compliance and enforcement position (PDF, 95.1KB, 4 pages) explains how Natural England help people comply with the laws we are responsible for enforcing. It also outlines the general principles followed when Natural England need to take enforcement action.

The following information gives further details on the processes involved in taking enforcement action:

Natural England’s enforcement responsibilities

Natural England is responsible for the following:

Report a suspected offence

Animal poisoning or other abuse of pesticides

Report a suspected animal poisoning or other abuse of pesticides by calling the Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme on 0800 321 600.

Breach of the Environmental Impact Assessment (Agriculture) Regulations

Report a suspected breach of the Environmental Impact Assessment (Agriculture) Regulations by calling the EIA helpline on 0800 028 2140 or email

Breach of a species licence issued by Natural England

Report a suspected breach of a species licence that Natural England has issued by email to Put the name of the county that the incident occurred in at the start of the subject line to make sure that your report is dealt with in a timely way.

Breaches of general licences issued by Natural England are enforced by the police. These, and any other offences against protected species, should be reported to your local police service via 101 or call Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.

If the incident is on-going, report it to the police on 999. In all cases, you should ask if the case can be referred to a police wildlife crime officer (PWCO) for investigation. You might want to ask for a police incident number in order to follow up on your report.

Other incidents

Report any other incidents to the Natural England enquiries team by calling 0300 060 3900 or email

Enforcement undertakings

The primary purpose of the enforcement undertaking is to allow the offender to restore and remedy any environmental damage they have caused. Use this offer form (MS Word Document, 41.6KB) to notify Natural England whether you are being:

  • proactive and you are self-reporting a suspected offence
  • reactive to an offence where you have been notified that Natural England intend taking criminal or civil action against you for this alleged offence

Return your offer to:


Natural England
County Hall, Spetchley Road

Opening times: 8:30am to 5pm, Monday to Friday (excluding public holidays)

Find out about call charges at

Monitoring enforcement

Natural England annual reports of enforcement activity:

See the prosecutions and civil sanctions (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 89KB) brought by Natural England.

Published 20 October 2013
Last updated 18 November 2016 + show all updates
  1. Annual report of Natural England enforcement activity 2015 to 2016 published.
  2. Annual report 2014 to 2015 published.
  3. Added updated version of the public register of civil sanctions and prosecutions.
  4. Updated version of register of civil sanctions and prosecutions
  5. Added updated version of register of civil sanctions and prosecutions
  6. First published.