Attorney General's Civil Panel Counsel: appointments, membership lists and off panel counsel

Recruitment process, rates of pay, overview of the panel, lists of members and guidance for barristers who work ‘off panel’.


The Government Legal Department (GLD) administers the Attorney General’s Panel Counsel.

The Attorney General’s panels of counsel consists of just over 400 junior counsel who undertake civil and EU work for all government departments.

This guide explains how to apply to be on the panel counsel and which panel you would be advised to apply for. It also covers ‘work outside the panel’ which means working for the government but not as a member of panel counsel.

The role of the Law Officers

The Law Officers have overall responsibility for counsel instructed on behalf of government. They make appointments to the panels, and ensure that the operation of the panels is as effective as possible.

Panel counsel: structure

The Attorney General maintains panels of junior counsel to undertake civil and EU work for all government departments. These are in addition to any standing counsel and the First Treasury Counsel, James Eadie KC.

The panel system is made up of London Panels, Regional Panels and Public International Law Panels, each set up as follows:

A Panel – deals with the most complex government cases in all kinds of courts and tribunals. Members will often appear against KCs. In general, those appointed to the A panel will have over 10 years’ advocacy experience.

B Panel – deals with substantial cases but not in general as complex as those handled by the A panel. Members will generally be instructed where knowledge and experience of a particular field is required. B panel applicants will generally have between 5 and 10 years’ advocacy experience but those with more experience can also apply.

C Panel – members will generally have between 2 and 5 years’ advocacy experience but those with more experience can apply. Those appointed to the C panel will often (but not always) become the A and B panel members of the future and so will be expected to show the potential to join the A panel.

‘Advocacy experience’ means experience in actual practice usually from the end of second 6 months’ pupillage. Where a third 6 months’ pupillage is taken there will need to be a judgement as to the extent and quality of the advocacy undertaken during that period.

The size of each panel is determined by need.

All government departments and agencies of government departments must use the panels.

London panels (details of current counsel)

London A panel (ODT, 32.1 KB)

London B Panel (ODT, 48 KB)

London C Panel (ODT, 51.5 KB)

Appointments are for a period of 5 years.

Regional panels

Outside London and the South East there are 5 regions to which counsel belong: North East, North, Wales, Midlands and South West.

From 3 April 2018, the Attorney General’s Regional Panel of Junior Counsel was restructured to align it with the other civil panels. Furthermore, following a recruitment exercise, a refresh of the Regional Panel saw changes to the membership.

As a result of the restructuring, within each region, the panel will be set up as follows:

Regional A panel (ODT, 16.8 KB)

Regional B Panel (ODT, 17.6 KB)

Regional C Panel (ODT, 16.4 KB)

Appointments are for a period of 5 years.

Public International Law (PIL) panel

The Attorney General established panels of junior counsel to undertake public international law on behalf of all government departments in order to supplement the work of the existing 3 London Panels. The Public International Law Panel A, B and C (MS Word Document, 109 KB) will undertake cases involving public international law in international courts and in the courts of England and Wales. The competitions to refresh the Public International Law (PIL) A, B and C Panels have now closed and results have been emailed to all candidates.

Appointments to the panel

The 2024 competition for the London ABC Panel competitions has now closed and results will be sent to candidates in August 2024.

Forthcoming Competitions

We aim to open the next Regional ABC Panel competitions in Autumn 2024.

The next competition to make appointments to the London A, B and C Panels will open in spring 2025.

Membership is open to barristers and solicitors with Higher Rights of Audience.

If you have any queries please contact the Panel Counsel team.

Junior Counsel to the Treasury in Charity Matters

The competition for Junior Counsel to the Treasury in Charity Matters has now closed and results will be sent to candidates in summer 2024.


As part of the Attorney General’s aim of encouraging as wide a selection of applicants as possible, potential applicants can use our mentoring service. Mentors will be established panel members who can discuss their panel experience, the application process, eligibility criteria and presentation of relevant information. For more details, please contact the Government Legal Department’s Panel Counsel team.


For details of rates see our practical information page.

Equality and diversity

The Attorney General operates an equal opportunities policy in relation to the civil panels. The assessment process emphasises the importance of making recommendations for appointment on the basis of demonstrable skills.

The Attorney General appoints the best candidates solely on merit, irrespective of age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership status, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion/belief, sex (gender), and sexual orientation.

Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED)

The Panel Counsel Appointment process is carried out in accordance with the principles of the Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED) which was created under the Equality Act 2010. Public authorities like the Government Legal Department are now required, in carrying out their functions, to have due regard to the need to achieve the objectives set out under s149 of the Equality Act 2010. The PSED came into force across Great Britain on 5 April 2011.

It means that public bodies have to consider all individuals when carrying out their day-to-day work in shaping policy, in delivering services and in relation to their own employees.

It also requires that public bodies have due regard to the need to:

  • eliminate discrimination
  • advance equality of opportunity
  • foster good relations between different people when carrying out their activities

For more information on PSED please see GOV UK.

Privacy Notice

Please continue reading the Privacy Notice (ODT, 17.6 KB) to understand how GLD will process your personal data.

Areas of work

To ensure the panels can meet the needs of government there is a variety of work available - not just in public law. It is important that the panels contain counsel with various specialisms and counsel who are able to branch out into other areas of work if the need arises.

GLD encourages counsel to maintain both a public and private practice, this includes acting against government. It is beneficial to government if counsel have had experience of acting against government.

Although appointment to any panel cannot be a guarantee that work will be available, the intention is that each advocate appointed should be given at least a minimum amount of work.

Off panel work

The intention is that work should go to panel members but there are opportunities to do work ‘off panel’.

King’s Counsel (KC/silk)

GLD maintains a non-exhaustive list of King’s Counsel who have previously been instructed by departments or have expressed interest in receiving instructions. A nomination from the Law Officers is always required before a KC is instructed; a rate is always agreed in advance of a nomination being approved and usually ranges from between £180 - £250 per hour.

When seeking a nomination for a KC, the Attorney General will wish to be satisfied that the work cannot be done by A panel counsel. There is no requirement that any of the KCs put forward be on our list.

Being on our list of KCs does not guarantee any particular amount of work or indeed any work at all. However, being on the list does draw attention to a KC’s willingness to do government work.

Off panel juniors

A nomination is always required for an off panel junior. When off panel junior counsel are instructed they are paid at panel rates.

Junior juniors (formerly Baby barristers)

Junior juniors are very junior barristers who are within 4 years from end of pupillage and who are not yet panel members. They can assist on things like discovery exercises on large cases. They cannot do advocacy of any sort. A nomination from the Attorney General is not necessary.

The period of eligibility to undertake work has been extended from 2 years to 4 years from end of pupillage.

If you are interested in opportunities for Junior junior work, contact

For details of rates see our practical information page.

Standing counsel

Some departments appoint standing counsel. These are more senior advocates, akin to treasury counsel. As well as leading in some of the most difficult cases, their insight into the work of their department means they are also available as a source of expertise to panel counsel. In addition, they may provide training and strategic advice.


For more information on references see our practical information page.

Published 1 November 2013
Last updated 20 May 2024 + show all updates
  1. Updated information about the Junior Counsel to the Treasury in Charity Matters competition.

  2. London C Panel List has been updated to 9 April 2024

  3. Junior Counsel to the Treasury in Charity Matters competition information added.

  4. London A, B and C panels updated

  5. London Panel recruitment event to be held on Tuesday 6 February

  6. Regional C Panel and London C Panel updated.

  7. 'Public International Law Panel A, B and C' document updated.

  8. Regional A Panel updated.

  9. London C Panel updated

  10. Public International Law Panel A, B and C updated

  11. Updated London A, B and C Panels.

  12. Documents added with updated information on London A Panel, London B Panel and London C Panel

  13. Regional B Panel updated

  14. Published a revised London C Panel list and the London ABC Panel new appointees (August 2023).

  15. Regional A Panel document updated

  16. London B and London C panel updated.

  17. Competition details updated.

  18. Updated Regional C Panel list

  19. London A and London B panel updated.

  20. London B Panel updated.

  21. Competition link updated, regional A and Public International Law list updated.

  22. London A Panel update.

  23. London B and C and Regional A, B and C membership lists updated.

  24. New members of the Attorney General Regional Civil Panel Counsel announced.

  25. Public International Law information updated

  26. Information evening updated

  27. Privacy Notice added

  28. The Attorney General's Regional Civil Panel Counsel A and London Panel Counsel C list has been updated.

  29. Information about the Public Sector Equality Duty (PSED) added.

  30. Competitions and competition guidance section updated

  31. Replaced the London B Panel list with an updated version for January 2023.

  32. Update on Regional A, B and C Panel competitions, results will be emailed to candidates in February 2023.

  33. London ABC new panel appointees list updated.

  34. Public International Law (PIL) Panel list updated to 25 October 2022.

  35. PIL Panel List updated to reflect change in membership

  36. London A list panel has been revised.

  37. London Panel A list of members updated

  38. Attorney General's Civil Panel Counsel London B and C membership of current counsel updated.

  39. Information about the information evenings removed as the dates have passed.

  40. Link to the GLD GOV.UK news story announcing that the competition to refresh the Attorney General's Regional Civil Panel Counsel is open. Regional B Panel list updated.

  41. London B Panel list updated

  42. The Public International Law Panel list updated

  43. London ABC Panel appointments document updated

  44. Added revised London Panel listings and the details of the new appointees to the London Panels. Added flyers for those who may apply in the next Regional panel competition.

  45. The new appointments to the London panels have been announced and the lists have been updated as appropriate. Flyers for information evenings for the Regional Panel Counsel in Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol and Leeds uploaded.

  46. Regional C Panel information updated

  47. Information updated regarding the next competition for the Attorney General's Regional A, B and C Panel Counsel. More details about the mentoring scheme provided.

  48. London C Panel list updated

  49. Public International Law document updated

  50. London C Panel list updated to include 3 August

  51. London C Panel list updated

  52. Updated London B Panel and London C Panel lists

  53. Updated London C Panel list

  54. Updated London B Panel list 17 May 2022

  55. Regional C Panel list updated.

  56. Updated London B Panel and London C Panel documents dated 25 April 2022

  57. London B Panel information updated.

  58. Updated information relating to the competitions.

  59. Updated documents: London A Panel, London B Panel, London C Panel, Regional A Panel

  60. London C Panel List updated March 2022

  61. Regional A Panel information updated.

  62. Addition of event details

  63. Updated London B Panel document 7 January

  64. Regional B panel list updated

  65. London B Panel updated

  66. Updated London C Panel list

  67. London A and C panel updated

  68. The London B and London C Panel lists have been updated.

  69. Updated London C Panel List

  70. London C panel updated

  71. Regional B panel list updated

  72. Updated the panel lists

  73. London C panel updated

  74. Updated London A,B and C panels.

  75. The London ABC Panel results posted.

  76. London B list updated

  77. Updated information on appointments to the panel.

  78. London C and Regional A lists updated

  79. Regional C Panel List updated.

  80. Rearranged London and Regional Panels

  81. Updated all panel links, added new paragraph 'forthcoming competitions'

  82. Regional A panel updated.

  83. London C Panel link updated

  84. London C and PIL Panels links updated

  85. Updated London C panel

  86. Updated regional c panel list

  87. The London C Panel list has been updated.

  88. Updated London and Regional B panels.

  89. Regional C panel updated.

  90. Updated regional C panel.

  91. Regional ABC Panel new appointees announced.

  92. Updated London A and B and regional A panels.

  93. Updated London B and C panel documents.

  94. Edited forthcoming competitions - there will be a virtual recruitment seminar on 9th of March

  95. Updated regional panels

  96. Revised PIL Panel list.

  97. Updated forthcoming competitions.

  98. Updated London B panel

  99. Updated London A panel

  100. London B Panel updated.

  101. London C Panel updated.

  102. PIL panel list updated.

  103. London B and C panel lists replaced.

  104. New PIL Panel document

  105. Made minor text amendments.

  106. Attachment 'Regional C Panel' updated.

  107. Updated London C Panel list and revised PIL month to October.

  108. Updated London A, B and C Panel lists.

  109. Information on the forthcoming competitions has been updated.

  110. Updated the attachment "London ABC Panel new appointees"

  111. New London ABC Panel and Regional B Panel lists published.

  112. London ABC Panel new appointees have been announced.

  113. Regicnal C Panel listing was updated.

  114. Edited wording - Public International Law (PIL) competition results to be emailed to candidates in September.

  115. London C Panel and Regional A Panel updated.

  116. Updated London C Panel list

  117. Updated London B Panel

  118. Updated London C Panel document 1 May

  119. Updated to reflect the fact that panel competitions have now closed.

  120. Updated London C Panel 24 March

  121. Updated London A Panel document

  122. Updated London C and Regional A panels

  123. Update London A and C panels, and PIL panel.

  124. Updated London C Panel

  125. Updated Regional A, B, and C Panels.

  126. London C Panel has been updated.

  127. Added links to news stories about new panel competitions

  128. Updated with list of new Regional Panel Appointees.

  129. Updated with details of forthcoming competitions

  130. Uploaded updated version of London C panel attachment.

  131. Revised lists for London A & C Panel and Regional C Panel have been published.

  132. New doc added

  133. Added new doc

  134. Need to replace London C panel

  135. New doc added

  136. Correcting doc

  137. Further competition details added

  138. Updated panel document

  139. New docs added

  140. new attachments

  141. Regional panel A attachment updated

  142. updated the London panels ABC attachment

  143. London ABC panel document added and text amended

  144. updated London Panel C file from 6 June version to 17 June version

  145. A revised London panel A, B and C list published, as well as a revised Regional Panel B list published.

  146. Updated lists for Regional A and B panels published.

  147. London B panel list has been updated

  148. London B Panel list published

  149. Updates on forthcoming competitions

  150. We have published a revised list of Regional A Panel.

  151. New Panel lists published

  152. New date for the next London A, B and C Panel competitions announced.

  153. Appointments to the panel - update

  154. London A Panel & C Panel listings revised and replaced as of 20 December.

  155. Amended to reflect the closing of the London C Panel competition as well as updated London panels as of 27 November 2018.

  156. Replaced the London A Panel web listing as of 29 October 2018.

  157. We have updated the Regional B Panel to reflect a Panel member's move of chambers

  158. Added that the London C Panel opened on Tuesday 25 September 2018. The next London A and B Panel competition, along with a further London C Panel competition, will open in late February 2019.

  159. Published information about the next London C Panel competition opening on 25 September 2018.

  160. Replaced the Regional A Panel list to reflect changes as of 1 August 2018

  161. Replaced appointments to the London A and B Panels. The changes to both lists are a result of Counsel moving Chambers.

  162. Added results of London A and B Panel competitions.

  163. Updated the Regional A & B listings.

  164. Updating information about panels to reflect new A, B and C listing.

  165. Changes to the page to represent the reorganisation of the Regional Panel.

  166. Page has been change to reflect that the London A and B Panel competitions are now closed, and that the period of eligibility for Junior juniors to undertake work has been extended from 2 years to 4 years from the end of pupillage.

  167. Updated the London C Panel document.

  168. Updated the London C Panel.

  169. Updated A, B, C, Regional & PIL Panels.

  170. Updated the 'forthcoming competitions' with details of the London A and B competitions.

  171. Updated the C Panel and Regional web listing on the website.

  172. Published a document detailing the 25 new appointments to the London C Panel.

  173. One of the London B and Regional Panel members have moved Chambers so the listings have been revised.

  174. Updated the Regional panel. Accurate as of 9 January 2017.

  175. Updated the C panel list. Correct as of 8 January 2018.

  176. Updated London C Panel listing. Accurate as of 15 December 2017.

  177. Changes reflecting the end of the Regional Panel application period.

  178. Updated Regional Panel list.

  179. The London C Panel competition is now closed.

  180. Changes to reflect the opening of the Regional Panel competition on Tuesday 24 October.

  181. Updates on Panel competitions.

  182. Updated the B Panel list.

  183. New appointments to A and B panels published.

  184. Updated the Public International Law (PIL) Panel list.

  185. Updated the B and C Panel lists

  186. Updated the C Panel list and Regional panel list

  187. Updated Regional Panel attachement

  188. Updated the copy under 'Forthcoming Competitions' to say the A and B panel competitions have now closed.

  189. Updated the Regional Panel and B Panel list attachments.

  190. The Regional Panel members and PIL panel lists have been updated.

  191. Updates to all panel lists

  192. Updated Panel B and Panel C lists. Announcement of new Panel C members.

  193. Updated PIL list

  194. Panel C list updated

  195. update

  196. Update to text

  197. update to panel c

  198. updates to panel counsel recruitment

  199. Updates to panel counsel lists

  200. Latest C panel list published

  201. List of new appointees

  202. update to Junior junior

  203. Update of the term 'Baby barristers' to 'Junior juniors'

  204. Update to lists A,B,C and regional

  205. Updated Panel A, B and regional lists.

  206. Panel C list updated

  207. Updated list

  208. Dates for appointments.

  209. Panel list updated

  210. List updated

  211. C Panel list updated.

  212. Updated panel counsel lists.

  213. New competition announced.

  214. Updated lists for February 2016.

  215. Competition details updated.

  216. Regional Panel Counsel information for December 2015 added.

  217. Contact details for baby barristers scheme updated.

  218. Update to Panel C list.

  219. New C Panel Counsel list updated for November 2015.

  220. Competition closed. List of Regional Panel appointees published following the 2015 competition.

  221. New regional panel information added.

  222. Panel B list updated.

  223. Competition details updated.

  224. Competition details updated.

  225. Attachments updated

  226. Update to Panel C list.

  227. Panel Counsel lists updated.

  228. Attachment updated.

  229. Update to Panel Counsel lists.

  230. New competition announced.

  231. The Regional Panel Competition 2015 closed at 12pm on 31 July.

  232. Panel A list updated.

  233. Update to Panel Counsel file.

  234. New Regional Panel Counsel document.

  235. New competition announced.

  236. Upcoming competition announced.

  237. Attachment updated.

  238. Attachments updated.

  239. New panel C list added for May 2015.

  240. The 2015 london A & B Panel competition is closed.

  241. Updated Panel Counsel lists.

  242. The Attorney General is seeking to appoint new members to one of his panels of junior counsel in London, the A and B panels.

  243. Updated Regional Panel November 2014

  244. Latest information available.

  245. Updated panel list available.

  246. Updated panel lists now available

  247. Updated membership lists

  248. Updated to include information regarding the 2013 competition

  249. Regional panel list updated

  250. Latest list available

  251. B panel list update

  252. First published.