UN Human Rights Council - The United Kingdom's Voluntary Pledges and Commitments on Human Rights 2013
This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government
The United Kingdom is committed to supporting human rights in the UN and working with the UN for stronger international human rights institutions.
1.Rights of persons with disabilities
We have set out our approach, based on the principles of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to enable disabled people to fulfil their potential and play a full role in society. We are committed to making a living reality of the rights enshrined in the UNCRPD, through our policies and practices that are supported by a substantial body of legislation, including the Equality Act 2010.
The UK protects children through a substantial body of legislation which encompasses the principles of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. These laws create an effective national framework to support positive outcomes for children. We have established Commissioners for Children and Young People across the UK. We will further increase our focus on children and their families, through ongoing support and protection so that all children have the best start in life and can fulfil their potential.
The UK is proud to be at the forefront of progressing gender equality domestically through our comprehensive equality legislation and our commitment to the UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). We have also placed women and girls at the heart of our international development work through the delivery of our ‘Strategic Vision for Girls and Women’. We pledge to work internationally to increase the number of women in decision making positions, delay first pregnancy, reduce the level of maternal mortality and increase women’s economic well-being and access to justice.
4.Discrimination against minorities
The UK is committed to tackling all forms of discrimination, including crimes committed against minorities. The UK has formulated a National Action Plan that will tackle the causes of hate crime. We will continue to promote our established legislation in multilateral fora. In the UK, we will challenge attitudes and encourage early intervention, build victim confidence to report and work with partners to improve the operational response to hate crimes, including dealing with offenders robustly. We will promote good practice on tackling hate crime and improving the evidence base, so that resources can be focused where they are needed.
5.Freedom of expression
The UK is a strong supporter of freedom of expression, including on the internet, and promotes this as an essential element of our work on democracy and human rights internationally. We support the mandate of the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, and supported the first cross-regional resolution on Freedom of Expression on the Internet at the Human Rights Council. We will speak out in favour of freedom of expression and encourage countries to uphold their international obligations in line with UN standards. In particular, we will condemn any violence associated with the expression of views. In this context, we look for those responsible for violent acts to be brought to justice.
6.Freedom of religion or belief
The protection and promotion of the right to Freedom of Religion or Belief is one of the UK’s key human rights priorities as it is a fundamental right which underpins many other human rights. Where freedom of religion is under threat, normally other freedoms are restricted too. We are committed to working more effectively with international partners and with civil society and faith leaders to promote awareness of the need for greater acceptance and understanding between followers of different faiths and in support of religious freedom for people of all religions or none.
7.Business and Human Rights
We played a key role in the development and endorsement of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. We held an international conference on the Guiding Principles with the cooperation and involvement of the UN Working Group. We are one of the first governments working to develop a national strategy, which will communicate the Government’s expectation that UK companies will respect human rights wherever they operate. The UK dedicated £750,000 in 2012 to overseas project work to promote awareness and implementation of the Guiding Principles. We will promote widespread international uptake up of the Guiding Principles and support the UN Working Group.
8.Preventing sexual violence in conflict
We remain committed to the full implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 and associated Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security, and accordingly have developed a National Action Plan. In 2012, we contributed £1 million to support the Office of the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict. We have launched a Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative, through which we intend to strengthen international efforts and co-ordination on this issue in conflict and post-conflict situations. We will work closely with UN and G8 partners as we aim to tackle impunity and support survivors.
9.Preventing violence against women and girls
The UK is significantly scaling up our programme work, as well as building the global evidence base on what works to tackle violence against women and girls (VAWG). The UK currently provides £13.25 million to UN Women. The UK has on-going VAWG programmes in 20 developing countries and we work in an additional 22 countries, through UN Women and civil society. We pledge to work on research and innovation that will focus on the areas of prevention, domestic violence and VAWG in conflict and humanitarian settings.
We work to combat torture wherever it exists: the UK was one of the first states to ratify and implement the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture (OPCAT). We will encourage ratification of the Convention and its Optional Protocol, and will assist other governments to prohibit and prevent torture.
11.Tackling contemporary slavery
We are committed to tackling modern forms of slavery. The UK has ratified the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings and signed up to the EU Directive on Human Trafficking to demonstrate our commitment to tackle this horrific crime. We have taken action at a national and global level and will continue to encourage other governments and the international community to stop modern day slavery and trafficking in human beings.
12.Working effectively within the international human rights system
We are committed to a strong, effective international human rights system. We believe the independent UN human rights Treaty Monitoring Body system is essential to the protection of human rights globally. We will continue to nominate candidates for membership of the Treaty Monitoring Bodies after an open and transparent selection process to determine expertise. We will cooperate with Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council, and will take steps to improve our response rate to their communications. We will support the independence and the work of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and her Office.
13.Making the Universal Periodic Review a success
We are committed to the success of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) mechanism. The value of the UPR lies in its universal nature, constructive spirit and complementarity with other procedures and we are determined to uphold these fundamental principles. We will work to ensure the UPR process embeds fully, and commit to submitting no more than two clear, focussed and implementable recommendations to each UN Member State. We consider the UPR to be an ongoing process, and in this spirit commit to a mid-term report on progress against all the recommendations we received. We also pledge to assist others by sharing our experiences, and offering advice and support where requested.
14.Tackling human rights crises
We believe the Human Rights Council should respond to situations of human rights concern – wherever and whenever they occur. We will consider Human Rights Council responses according to the severity of the situation on the ground, in an impartial, non-selective manner, and will consider other factors – such as whether there has been a call for action by UN bodies, whether the situation is already under constructive consideration by the human Rights Council, and whether there is cooperation with the UN human rights mechanisms. We pledge to tackle human rights situations and crises, either through support and dialogue or greater scrutiny, in accordance with their specific requirements.
15.Mainstreaming human rights throughout the UN
The Human Rights Council has a unique role within the UN system. But, as agreed by UN members, the UN’s pillars – development, peace and security, and human rights – are interlinked and mutually reinforcing. We are committed to promoting human rights within the UN’s development and peace and security pillars. This includes ensuring the UN Security Council has access to the necessary human rights information on which to base its decisions.