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Good morning and thank you for inviting me to speak here today about Charities and Philanthropy.
It’s a subject of deep interest to me in my role in the Treasury and one that is vital to realising the Government’s vision of a Big Society.
And I’m pleased to be speaking about this issue here at ResPublica, as it is you that have led and shaped that debate in recent years.
It’s your innovative insights on public service delivery, emphasising the virtue and the potential of an associative society, that have set the agenda for ambitious reform across public services.
When we came to Government we knew that we were at a watershed for how we provide public goods and meet public need. Over the previous decade, under the previous Government, power was continuously hoarded to the centre, to Whitehall.
It became all about central levers and targets.
But over that decade, the very nature of society itself was changing, becoming less hierarchical in every sector.
The internet has been the great leveller and across every sphere it gave individuals the tools to take action for themselves, to produce their own solutions, to share their ideas with a wider community.
And across the board, businesses, pressure groups, social entrepreneurs, and charities seized the opportunity to grow with renewed vigour. And at the same time, or perhaps as a result of this change, there has been a profound shift in attitudes across society.
Whilst there are still those who point to Government and say “You do it”, there is an ever growing tide of people who are saying “We’ll do it.”
A wave of people who have the knowledge, tools, and support to take on responsibility not only for their own needs and their family, but the community that they live in.
A wave of change that brings irresistible pressure to reform at the very heart of Whitehall.
At its heart, the Big Society is about putting more power in people’s hands - a massive transfer of power from Whitehall to local communities.
Giving local councils and neighbourhoods more power to take decisions and shape their area.
Encouraging and enabling people to play a more active part in society
And opening up public services to enable charities, social enterprises, private companies and employee-owned co-operatives to compete to offer high quality services
We have made some excellent progress towards realising these ambitions. Not least in supporting the charities that drive volunteering and social action across the UK.
Steps taken to support charities
We have already taken steps to reduce the administrative burdens which can be a great weight on charities and distract them from their primary purpose and their primary love.
At Budget we committed to an online filing system for charities to claim Gift Aid, to be introduced during 2012/13. I know from feedback to the announcement that this will make a big difference across the sector.
And we have already delivered a significant first step with the introduction in April of intelligent forms for charities to apply for and claim Gift Aid.
These forms contain automatic checks so will considerably reduce the number of mistakes made, the need for manual checking and so speed up the claiming process.
HMRC will also be working with the sector to develop a Gift Aid database for charities. We have also taken steps to develop new fundraising opportunities for charities.
We opened a £100m Transition Fund to help charities, voluntary groups and social enterprises affected by reductions as part of the Government’s Spending Review.
This was part of a £470 million support for the sector, demonstrating the Government’s commitment to building the resilience of voluntary sector organisations.
We are developing new funding streams like the Big Society Bank, which will draw on money in dormant bank accounts to provide wholesale finance for charities and other groups.
But we are also working with charities to develop ways and means to galvanise greater giving across society.
Creating incentives for people to donate more to charities like those represented here so that they can continue and expand their programmes. It’s about identifying what Government can do to incentivise people in to giving more.
Budget and Autumn Statement 2011
We want to make it easier for people to give in a range of ways and at different life stages.
Tax reliefs for charities and charitable giving are an important way to do that, and though they cost over £3bn a year, they are a vital source of support for charities.
And over the last year we have taken important steps to improve the effectiveness of reliefs, and also expand opportunities for giving.
We are reducing the rate of inheritance tax from 40% to 36% for those individuals who leave 10% or more of their estate to charity. This will reduce the cost of giving to charity through bequests. We consulted on the detail of this proposal last summer, and will put legislation into place through Finance Bill 2012.
We have also made changes to encourage greater lifetime giving of pre-eminent works of art to the nation in return for a tax reduction.
At the Autumn Statement we announced an increase in the annual limit for both tax reductions under the Gifts of Pre-eminent Object scheme and taxes offset under the existing Acceptance in Lieu Scheme, from £20m to £30m.
And more than that, companies as well as individuals will be able to access the new scheme.
We have also announced an increase in the Gift Aid benefit limit from £500 to £2,500 to enable charities to better recognise the generosity of their significant donors.
We have not forgotten smaller charities or donations from those less well off. We are introducing a new Gift Aid Small Donations Scheme from April 2013.
This will be a big help for those charities collecting so called ‘bucket donations’, allowing them to claim a Gift Aid style payment on small donations up to £10 without collecting Gift Aid declarations.
Qualifying charities will be able to claim up to £1,250 in repayments on total donations capped at £5,000 per year.
These measures add up to a significant pack to support charities and charitable giving. But at the same time, there is no cause for complacency.
Last year’s Government White Paper on Giving demonstrated our commitment to encouraging more people to donate.
It included a commitment to raise support for Payroll Giving - a tax effective method for employees to make regular donations to charity.
Payroll giving provides a sustainable and predictable income stream for charities, and I have asked my officials to work with Cabinet Office to seek out ways to improve take-up.
We know that we have to do much more to raise awareness of the scheme, and ensure that awareness leads to action. Together with the charity sector and with employers we need to change behavioural attitudes to embed giving, in this case payroll giving, as the social norm.
At a time when we are having to cope with the worst fiscal deficit in our history, I hope you will agree that the Government has made an excellent start at supporting the charitable sector.
That said I believe that we are merely at the outset of a period of huge innovation and change for the charitable and wider third sector.
Not only in terms of finance and philanthropic support, but also for how charities and third sector will be increasingly intertwined with how we deliver public services for the future.
It is vital that we continue to engage with policy makers, the charities, and service users to ensure that we get these reforms right, and meet public need and efficient and effective way.
I look forward to our discussion and learning what more we can do working together in the years to come.