This data is used in funding calculations by the Education and Skills Funding Agency to support publicly funded education and skills in England.
Postcodes area cost uplifts
The area cost uplift reflects the higher cost of delivering provision in some parts of the country, such as London and the south east.
Postcodes disadvantage uplift factors
This is an uplift or amount for learners living in the most disadvantaged areas of the country. We have based these uplifts on the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2010 up to and including 2015 to 2016. From the 2016 to 2017 year onwards, the basis has been the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015.
We calculate the uplift values using the Lower Layer Super Output Area (LLSOA) category of the postcode. For learners who started adult funded aims or apprenticeship frameworks on or after 1 August 2017 (i.e. in the 2017 to 2018 funding year), the uplift factors in the 2017 to 2018 tables / factors apply. For learners who started these programmes on or after 1 August 2018, the 2018 to 2019 tables / factors apply.
For 16-19 funded learners we apply the most recent single academic years’ factors to all students in that academic year regardless of their start date.
The final column supports the apprenticeship funding calculations for starts from 1 May 2017. More information is available within the apprenticeship funding technical guidance.
Lower layer super output areas (LLSOA) factors
The LLSOA file shows the disadvantage uplifts that apply to lower layer super output areas. Super output areas are a set of geographical areas developed following the 2001 census with the aim of defining areas of consistent size whose boundaries would not change between censuses. Postcodes may change their assigned Lower Layer Super Output Area (LLSOA) during the course of the year due to boundary changes. Uplift factors have been frozen based on a postcode’s LLSOA at the start of the academic year and this can result in some postcodes within a LLSOA having a different rate to the one published in the LLSOA Uplift factors table.
We use LLSOA values based on the 2011 census for analysis and reporting. Up to 2015 to 2016 we have used the 2010 Index of Multiple Deprivation which uses the 2001 LLSOAs as the underlying mapping between postcodes and LLSOAs. Therefore the disadvantage uplift factors to calculate funding are produced using the same mapping.
From 2016 to 2017 onwards, we use the 2015 Index of Multiple Deprivation that is produced by the Office for National Statistics. This uses the 2011 LLSOA values and we use this to generate the funding factors.
Large employer file
The large employer file is used to apply the large employer discount in the funding calculation by providing a list of workplace location identifiers which can be matched to the ILR to identify the record to which the discount applies.
The large employer discount up to and including 2015 to 2016 has been based on whether the employer is a large employer for the current year. From 2016 to 2017 the status of the employer as a large employer will be determined from the start date of the aim. For example if the aim was started in the academic year 2015 to 2016 the value in the 2015 to 2016 large employer file would be used, conversely if another aim started in the academic year 2016 to 2017 the value in the 2016 to 2017 large employer file would be used.