This report aims to understand what UK universities do to improve research excellence, excluding funding levels. It includes a literature review and a survey of 51 academics in 12 leading UK universities. It identifies 6 important factors contributing to research excellence:
- recruitment practices
- mentoring and appraisal
- research strategies
- securing a mix of funding
The report finds that the UK’s successful research performance relies on a number of subtle factors besides funding levels. As such, increasing R&D expenditure in other countries is not enough in itself to replicate the UK’s research success.