This project discusses the factors behind the sudden emergence and growth of exports of refuse derived fuel (RDF) from England. The market went from zero in June 2010 to just over 215,000 tonnes in January 2015. The majority of these exports were to the Netherlands, with Germany and Sweden starting to increase in importance from mid to late 2013.
RDF is defined as material that is produced from waste, has undergone some sort of treatment process, and is intended for use as a fuel.
Evidence from industry contacts, as well as a basic quantitative analysis of the English RDF export market, provided an explanation for the trend in exports of RDF from England since 2010. Some of the available data cover the whole of the UK, while some cover only England. However, as at least 80–85% of total UK RDF comes from England, the report treats all the datasets as if they cover just England.