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You usually have to pay your own expenses and legal costs if you’re involved in a residential property case before the Tribunal.
Costs can be awarded by the Tribunal when:
there is a written contract (usually a lease) allowing a party (usually a landlord) to claim costs from the other party or parties (usually a tenant)
an Act of Parliament says so
a party’s representative has unreasonably increased costs incurred by another party (sometimes called a ‘wasted costs’ order)
a party has unreasonably, brought, defended or conducted a case before the tribunal