Research and analysis

Reading and maths skills at age 10 and earnings in later life

A study of data from the British cohort study to investigate the relationship between reading skills at age 10 and earnings at age 30.


This research extended current analysis to look at the association of maths as well as reading skills at age 10 with earnings in later life and investigates whether the relationship between skills and later earnings varies over time, by considering the relationship between age 10 skills and earnings at ages 34 and 38 as well as age 30.

It also looked at whether the results differed depending on whether the research used hourly wages rather than weekly earnings, given that the association may differ if people with higher reading and maths skills choose to work different numbers of hours per week.