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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/plan-scale-evaluation-of-impacts-of-co-location-and-displacement/evidence-requirement-r016-colocation-and-displacement
1. Requirement overview
1.1 Requirement detail
A key issue in all marine plan areas is the optimisation of space through promoting compatibility and encouraging co-existence between different activities. As such co-existence or displacement of activities should be considered within marine planning.
An evaluation approach providing integrated consideration of the environmental, social and economic impacts of co-location/displacement has been proposed in research project MMO 1049. Some of the recommendations have been implemented. There is a need to create a coherent Coexistence Assessment process, consisting of interaction tables and assessments tools which will inform the development of marine plan policies on colocation. This will help applicants in the marine licensing process to formalise their response by accounting for the impact of their project in terms of activities that can collocate or displace others.
1.2 MMO use
Marine Planning: develop marine plan policies where appropriate that address and manage activities in a way that minimises displacement whilst ensuring sustainability.
1.3 External interest
Natural England, Environment Agency, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.
2. Aims and objectives
To develop an assessment process for the consideration of the impacts of co-location and displacement.
The Objectives to deliver this requirement include to:
- investigate the feasibility of each of the recommended Interaction tables and assessments Tools in MMO1049
- investigate new tables and tools (since the publication of MMO1049 in June 2014) which could be useful to include in the process
- consolidate the tables and tools into matrices across 3 themes: Environmental, social and economic (as well as looking at interactions between themes), to be used by stakeholders to assess their activities
3. Existing evidence
MMO 1049 outlines a proposed framework of comparing co-existence versus no-coexistence and makes recommendations for next steps for the MMO.
Christie et al 2014 investigated how windfarms could be co-located with other marine activity successfully and found that successful co-location will depend on adaptive management.
Yates et al 2015 assessed multiple industries and biodiversity conservation trade-offs in ocean zoning.
Kyriazi et al 2016 looked at the co-existence of marine renewable energy projects and marine protected areas and the interactions between the two.
Vaughn 2017 proposed a framework for describing the displacement of fishing effort due to implementing marine protected areas. Environmental implications resulting from fishing effort displacement are set out. Fishing effort displacement mitigation options are detailed.
A marine research project (2016) for the Crown Estate and National Federation of Fishermen looked into changes to fishing practices in the Irish Sea as a result of the development of offshore windfarms, it was found that fishing activity remained fairly steady before and after offshore windfarm construction.
4. Further details
For more information or to add further research to the existing evidence list please email firstname.lastname@example.org