Research and analysis

Passive monitoring techniques: feasibility study

A feasibility study into passive monitoring techniques.


Passive Monitoring Techniques - Feasibility Study

This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Request an accessible format.

If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.


Passive monitoring techniques are a recently developed range of tools for the detection and measurement of contaminants in, primarily, water and air. Under certain circumstances, they can also provide information about pollutant concentrations in soil and sediment.

Published 1 January 2003