Presence and release of nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPE) from textiles.
Nonylphenol (NP) is a priority hazardous substance under the Water Framework Directive (WFD) due to its potential impact upon the aquatic environment. Water quality monitoring continues to detect NP and nonylphenol ethoxylate (NPE) in rivers across England and Wales. There is limited evidence to determine the source of this.
Use of NPE for textile processing is restricted in Europe but can legally be used on imported textiles manufactured outside Europe.
Research has been conducted to determine the presence of NPE in imported textiles and assess how much of the NPE in the rivers could originate from this source.