Research and analysis

Labour market change and the future of middle-ranking jobs

Study on 'hollowing out', the relative decrease in mid-level jobs in the labour market. BIS research paper number 134.

Documents

Hollowing out and the future of the labour market

Details

There is widespread evidence of ‘hollowing out’ or ‘job-polarisation’, a decrease in the proportion of mid-ranking jobs in the labour market. Over time, high-ranked and low-ranked jobs have expanded relative to mid-level jobs (eg in administration and production).

The change is consistent across different time periods and countries. Despite this, the report warns against interpreting these results simplistically. It finds:

  • there will still be jobs available for those with intermediate-level qualifications
  • education and training will play a vital role in helping individuals when their jobs are threatened by technological change
Published 17 October 2013