Independent report

Labour force composition in low skilled sectors of the UK economy

Report on the labour force composition in low skilled sectors of the UK economy for the Migration Advisory Committee.

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The Migration Advisory Committee commissioned this report to help increase its understanding on the drivers of demand for migrant labour in low skilled sectors, and why such demand is persistent.

Frontier Economics’ study addresses a number of research questions, including:

  1. How has the composition of the workforce (in terms of different migrant groups - A8, A2, British-born, non-EEA) changed over time in different sectors?
  2. Is there any evidence that the ratio of British-born to migrant workers in different sectors changed during the recession?
  3. What characterises sectors with a relatively high migrant share in their workforce, or a growing migrant share?
  4. Are there any differences in characteristics between groups of workers in terms of skills, age etc? Does this vary by sector? How do these compare to the characteristics of the unemployed?