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The Environment Agency commissioned research on integrated appraisal and its use within the Environment Agency. In this context, integrated appraisal was defined as a process of assessing the performance of options or proposals in terms of their economic, social and environmental implications. The research involved an extensive literature review, two case studies examining appraisal practice within the Environment Agency and workshops with Environment Agency personnel. It has identified that it is appropriate for the Environment Agency to use a twostage approach to integrated appraisal. This should consist of an initial ‘screening’ stage at which potential impacts are identified against a checklist of economic, social and environmental concerns followed by more detailed appraisal of those impacts deemed significant and/or whose investigation is a regulatory obligation for the Environment Agency. In undertaking more detailed appraisal, the research identified six appraisal tools or families of tools that might be employed: