Information for nearest relatives – Mental Health Tribunal (T117)

Find out who can be a patient’s 'nearest relative', what their role is, and what happens at the tribunal.



Use this guidance if you think you might be a patient’s nearest relative (a legal term) in a First-tier Tribunal – Health, Education and Social Care Chamber (Mental Health) hearing.

The guidance explains:

  • who is the patient’s nearest relative (it’s not always the next of kin)
  • the nearest relative’s role
  • what a tribunal is
  • who is on a tribunal and what they do
  • what happens during and after a Mental Health Tribunal hearing
  • how to claim your expenses

Find Mental Health Tribunal forms.

Published 1 November 2014
Last updated 16 August 2023 + show all updates
  1. Changed the PDF to HTML.

  2. Email address changed in the document.

  3. First published.