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The purpose of this evaluation is to inform design and programming for DFID’s Somalia Stability Programme (SSP), the multi-donor Somalia Stability Fund (SSF), and the British Office for Somalia’s stabilisation efforts. It is undertaken at a time when after decades of conflict, civil strife, and political turmoil there appears to be a window of opportunity that will permit the generation of more coherent government in Somalia. The move in mid-2012 from a transitional government to a more widely legitimised election of a President now forming his administration has been coupled by the acceptance of a Provisional Constitution. These circumstances provide opportunities for positive change in Somalia. Running in parallel with these events has been the removal of Al Shabaab influence from key economic centres by IGAD forces and aligned militia, AMISOM, and Somali National Forces. This congruence of factors provides grounds for guarded optimism. A foundation is emerging upon which external assistance can be extended to support a legitimated Somali government in its endeavours to bring about an independent, democratically-based, constitutionally administered, federated state that is at peace with itself and can provide security and wellbeing for its people. This then provides the context against which DFID Somalia (DFIDS) is working.