Policy paper

EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill

The EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill is required to ratify the Withdrawal Agreement, as agreed between the United Kingdom and the European Union, and implement the Agreements (EU, EEA EFTA and Swiss) in domestic law. This Bill ensures that the United Kingdom is able to fulfil its international obligations, and leave the European Union with a deal.


EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill

EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill Explanatory Notes


The Bill legislates for the Withdrawal Agreement, EEA EFTA Separation Agreement and Swiss Citizens’ Rights Agreement, collectively ‘the Agreements’. In implementing these Agreements, the Bill protects the rights of EU citizens and EEA and Swiss nationals living and working in the UK. The Bill also legislates for an implementation period during which EU laws will continue to apply. This will provide continuity and certainty for individuals and businesses. In order for the UK to meet its international obligations under the negotiated financial settlement, the Bill creates a financial authority. A provision to implement the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland in domestic legislation is also contained in the Bill. The Bill protects the rights and safeguards contained in the Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement 1998.

Further information on the Bill can be found in the relevant documents listed above.

Published 21 October 2019
Last updated 19 December 2019 + show all updates
  1. This page has been updated following the introduction of the EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill December 2019

  2. Fact sheets added

  3. First published.